<a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/03/06/how-is-it-possible-to-produce-oil-from-sand/"><b>How is it possible to produce oil from sand?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2011/10/09/people-engineers-and-spe-members/"><b>People, Engineers and SPE Members</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/19/if-i-were-a-prime-minister/"><b>If I Were a Prime Minister…</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/26/polish-shales-delayed/"><b>Polish shales delayed?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/01/11/russia-continues-the-policy-of-states-companies-monopoly/"><b>Russia continues the policy of state companies’ monopoly</b></a>
 

An Interview with Seweryn Kwasniewski, Drilling Optimization Engineer for Baker Hughes

An Interview with Seweryn Kwasniewski, Drilling Optimization Engineer for Baker Hughes

Authors:
Barbara Pach
Edyta Stopyra

YoungPetro organised a meeting for AGH UST students with Mr. Seweryn Kwaśniewski. He agreed to tell us about his job, work experience and trips to constant places. Today we have a pleasure to present you this conversation.

YoungPetro: You have master’s degree in Mechanical Engineering, how did you get an idea to pursue career in Oil and Gas business?

Seweryn Kwaśniewski: Everything’s started in a rather unusual way. When I was in my senior year, I got interested in offshore drilling. And then asked to myself why do not try myself on a drilling rig? At first, I had no idea about the industry. I did not even know any major companies in that field until one day my friend from a student organization/folk dance group/ensemble “Krakus” introduced me to a man from Geoservices and that’s how I got into the oil business. Later I joined Baker Hughes where I am currently working as a Drilling Optimization Engineer.

YP: Now you are working in an office, but earlier you were spending more time on the rig. Did you like working offshore? What was the most difficult for you working in field?

SK: Working offshore is completely different from an office job. I really miss working in field, mostly because of the people I left. Oilmen are like entirely other species. Do not get me wrong but not everyone is suitable for the job and at the sea. I met people who quit after just 1 week. Working offshore you have to be strong, persistent, brave at times, especially towards yourself. Living with the same people for 2 to 6 weeks in a small environment sometimes is tiring. The problem is that it is not a 9-5 job and you cannot go home to distance yourself from work. Everyone has her/his own flaws and habits which you need to accept or at least ignore. But what is the most difficult? Hmm… I think the uncertainty, it is really difficult to plan things when the job can come up anytime and even you were told you can go on vacation you have to go on a rig. I remember one time – we were waiting for the helicopter which was going to take us home but at the last moment it was cancelled… If you did not work offshore you cannot even imagine how it feels. For this reason, sometimes I find it very amusing when I see people frustrated at airports only because their plane was slightly delayed.

YP: Before working on the platform apparently you have to pass a special training and tests. Can you tell us something more about them? What are they and is there anything that can disqualify from working at rig?

SK: Before you go on offshore, detailed medical examination and appropriate HS&E training must be passed. They are conducted in certified centers all around the world and they usually last three days. An exception was the certification for Norwegian Shelf – it took about 5 days. They generally include: training in first aid; basic procedures on platforms; lessons in the pool; familiarization with the swimming techniques. In my opinion, the most interesting are exercises carried out in a helicopter mock-up, which can rotate 180 degrees (then a student is hanging upside down). A task is to escape when it is submerged. Once, while training in Baku (Azerbaijan), I witnessed quite uncomfortable situation: during this kind of maneuver, water got into student’s mouth – it was caused by a leaky bag (we use them for breathing). This of course resulted of his sheer panic. Therefore, it is vital to keep calm in stressful situations.

Basic training is just a start, each company conducts its own additional courses in HS&E. After passing successful the course, you will be awarded a certificate, which entitles you to work for the company or service provider. It may happen that you will have to take about two, three extra courses, before you go on  a rig. In addition, before boarding a helicopter, there is a training concerning safety rules (just as in the airliners).

YP: Working in the oil industry most often is connected with the constant trips to distant places. We know that you have already been to Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, the Gulf of Mexico. We are curious what memorable you experienced during your visits. Did you have any adventures, especially striking?

SK: Each country has its own specific characteristics and work culture. For example, Kazakhstan: I’ll never forget walking from Europe to Asia and back. An unpleasant situation that happened to me and my colleague of course concerned money. The staff house was visited by two Kazakhs – they attempted to extort money for electricity bill from us, they threatened to cut it off despite the fact, that the bill had already been settled. Finally it turned out that it was the fault of the owner, who had been in arrears with payments for a long time. Today we laugh about it, but then the situation seemed to be quite dangerous.

Tunisia: the local people like to take an advantage of the fact, that you are not a native – a word of advice for those, who are going to visit this country: use only the yellow cabs and demand turning taximeters on. Otherwise, you can pay several times more than in reality. As the Gulf of Mexico: perhaps the strangest situation I had to deal with was a coach ride through Louisiana, from one heliport to another (because of some problems with flights).

Turkmenistan is another story. I honestly do not know if I would decide to work there again. A lot of things were unacceptable. We were transported to the platform on old boats. To my misfortune, it happened at night and during not the best weather. I was also told to jump from the boat to an old rusty drilling rig. Actually, it is not an easy place for working. The only thing I regret from the trip to this country is that I did not had the opportunity to see so-called “The Door to Hell” but who knows, maybe someday.

During my first visit to Baku, what surprised me were small oil pumping stations in private gardens.

YP: It was a pleasure to speak with you. Thank you very much!

Photos from: www.otcnet.org, www.bakerhughes.com

Job interview in the oil and gas sector

Job interview in the oil and gas sector

Third step: Priceless tips about JOB INTERVIEW in the oil and gas sector from Fair Recruitment Experts for graduates!

http://www.fr.net.pl/en/

 Read – use – achieve success!

Job interview is the next step in the recruitment process after positive evaluation of CV. Personal interview is a method used most frequently to identify the right candidate for the presented position. Often this is also the only moment when representatives of the employer have the opportunity to get to know the candidates better. It may happen that the job interview is the final step in an extensive recruiting process, therefore it can be crucial for success in applying for a job. For this reason the most important rule with job interview is – be prepared.

Same steps of the interview are easy to predict owing to the fact that consultants responsible for conducting the interview use proven interview schemes. For the purpose of our topic we adopt a universal standard that is most widely used by our customers.

Beginning of the interview

After entering the room, where the interview will take place, representatives of the employer will welcome you and present themselves as well as other people, who will be present during the meeting. Right after recruiter will ask a question totally unrelated to the subject of the meeting. Most often these are questions about any problems with finding headquarters of the company or the weather. During major events, especially sport ones, the recruiter may also bring up this subject. Such nonbinding exchange of views should allow to make contact between candidate and employer’s representatives, as well as help in relaxing the atmosphere. After a brief exchange of views, person responsible for conducting the interview, should present plan of the meeting.

Presentation of interview plan

Standard plan of the interview may be presented as follows:

– Presentation of the company, completed and currently conducted projects, as well as plans for the future;

– Presentation of position and description of its place in the structure within the company, as well as requirements for the given vacancy;

-An initial introduction is followed by fundamental part of the interview which is a series of questions to the candidate;

-During each interview candidate also gets a chance to ask questions to representatives of the employer;

– At the end, along with thanks for coming, the candidate should be informed of the date and method of notification of results of the whole recruitment process.

Interview questions to the candidate

 The main objective of this part is to discuss content of the CV or in case of graduates, knowledge acquired during studies, internships and apprenticeships. First of all, listen to the entire question before you answer. Questions asked during the interview should verify authenticity of the information provided in resume. Verification of the candidate’s knowledge and skills is another objective of the interview. It may happen that in order to verify information, candidate will be asked to solve a task or test, which usually is related to candidate base of knowledge. The final purposes of the questions to the candidate is to complement knowledge about him. The better-written resume, the smaller number of additional questions asked by representatives of the employer. A large number of supplementary questions arising during the interview, may adversely affect the candidate causing stress. To avoid such a situation, candidate should respond specifically and fully to each recruiter’s question. Person responding briefly and laconically can expect additional questions regarding to a single topic until the recruiter will receive a satisfactory answer. Usually, one of the participants of the interview is a representative of the department / division to which the offered position is assigned. Due to the substantive knowledge, this person is responsible for verification of candidates’ technical knowledge, qualifications and experience.

Despite technical questions, recruiter may also arise ones directly related to the candidate personality and soft skills such as initiative and the ability to achieve the objectives, creativity, communication skills, ability to cooperate in a team, ability to solve problems. Before the interview you should take time to practice answering the interview questions, that will help calm your nerves.

There is a series of questions underestimated by candidates, however, from the recruiter point of view, these questions have considerable sense. For example:

·  The question about the strengths – first of all this question checks the   candidate’s priorities and secondly, whether among these advantages occur examples which are crucial for the position;
·  The question about the weaknesses – the same like in the case of questions about advantages – the interviewer wants to check whether the candidate is aware of his flaws that determine the level of maturity but also if that weaknesses will have a direct influence on the future work;
·  The question about greatest success – a person who leads recruitment process wants to know candidate’s value system and secondly how that person achieved success, if it was just a coincidence or actually the result of deliberate and active approach;
· The question about failure – similar to the question about flaws or weaknesses, presented question determines the level of awareness of failures or mistakes made in the past by the candidate, as well as lessons learned and possible action that person undertake to eliminate mistakes;
· During the interview, candidates can expect questions about the motivation to work in a given company, at particular position. The purpose of this question, it is probably clear. The recruiter wants to know the exact motives that determined decision to work in this particular company;
·  The question about financial expectations occurs when a job offer does not include information about wages and also when the candidate has not been asked to include such information in the application documents before job interview.

Candidate’s questions

We also should remember, that right behind the interview questions to the candidate, secondly the most important part of the interview is candidate’s questions time. Especially graduates should always welcome the opportunity to ask questions and demonstrate interest in the job offer and the company. Normally, in the middle of the job interview or near to the end, you will have an opportunity to ask about practically every aspect related to work. At any price, do not underestimate the chance to ask questions therefore, prior to the meeting prepare a short list of questions. Quality of these questions can also be crucial to the final decision on your application.

How to prepare for a job interview?

First and foremost, if you are interested in employment at the offered position, you need to carefully prepare for the meeting with the representative of the employer. Preparations begin after receiving an invitation for an job interview.

Typically, such information company sends by e-mail. It may also happen that you will receive call from the HR department.

In the first place, check if it is possible for you to take part in the interview at certain date and time. If you have any other plans, you should try to reschedule day and be available for the employer. Perhaps you will be invited for the interview to another city. Then it is strategic to plan your trip in order to avoid any possible delays.

It is important to remember, that the interview may also involve persons from different department than HR.
In case of recruitment to international companies also representatives of international offices / headquarters may participate, therefore candidate should adjust to their timetable. As soon as possible, candidate should confirm attendance at the meeting, preferably via email and also select a confirmation of receipt message. Setting a reminder on your phone / tablet / computer could be helpful. It may sound silly, but it happened to us several times that candidate forgot about an appointment. In some cases, this may effect in candidate’s rejection. Be also on time for the interview or even five to ten minutes earlier.

Before the interview, candidate should reserve some time for preparation. The best time to start preparation seems to be one day before the interview focusing on the three main areas.

Knowledge of the employer

Before the interview, it is useful to find out as much as you can about the employer. Company research is a significant part of interview preparation. Checking company website, reading about completed projects, company structure and the scope of services offered appear to be the best way.

Awareness of your own purposes

Based on information about the company, you should think what is interesting in employer’s offer and also what you can expect from the company concerning career development, work environment and remuneration. These issues should be carefully considered before the interview and also help in answering the question about motivation, which was mentioned earlier. It is recommended to be prepared before each job interview, so that representatives of the company would see a real candidate for the job, and not another applicant.

Knowledge of own career

It is worth to review your resume again. Some facts from the previous career / studies may have been already forgotten. Going through the CV will help in answering questions from the representatives of the employer. You may also consider potential questions and prepare some answers.

In order to be prepared better I would like to introduce some practical guidelines for the preparation and behavior during the conversation.

Important Tips

Despite the fact that dress is not the most important during the interview, we should pay attention to it. For an interview for a professional position, dress accordingly in business attire. Many times the first impression is crucial and may influence the whole conversation. Clean and neat dress means that the candidate is serious about the job and is prepared for the meeting. Business casual, which is jacket imposed on a t-shirt, consider to be the proper option for the job interview. Very important may be details proven neatness: clean shoes, well-tied tie, clean and neat nails.

It is strongly advisable to prepare clothes day before interview whether take care of proper sleep. That would help avoid morning panic and unnecessary stress. After a quiet night and previous preparations, the day in which you have planned interview should not be stressful.

Ladies should note that their makeup is not too provocative and flashy. It is important also not to use strong-smelling perfume. People who smoke should not smoke directly before the meeting. Absolutely you should avoid drinking alcohol.

Non-verbal communication

During the meeting watch your body language, be open and smile. Do not present closed position characterized by crossed arms or legs. For people participating in a conversation is a clear sign of the embarrassment and discomfort of the candidate.

Of course you should not behave too freely. Behaviors such as stretching, crossing your legs or hands behind the head can be seen as an expression of disrespect for the other person. It is also important to take control of impulses, which may indicate the nerves. Throughout the conversation, eye contact with the person leading interview should be maintained, which demonstrates the interest and serious approach.

Verbal communication

As mentioned earlier, the questions asked by the recruiter are mainly related to prior experience, and in the case of graduates related to knowledge acquired during internships or education. Answers should be sincere, without unnecessary exaggeration but also remeber not to sell yourself short. You should remember that at any moment the answers can be verified, if not during the interview, than certainly while working but with the negative consequences for the company. An unflattering opinion about the candidates may cause difficulties in finding new job whether block the possibility of career development.

Describing reasons why you choose particular employer appear to be the best answer for the question concerning previously held positions or chosen education. In case of graduates why you chose this school / college / department / specialization. Your answer should include also information about the position held with details about duties and responsibilities. In case of graduates appropriate would be description of known theories, technology or practical knowledge acquired during internships. Definitely candidate should avoid perfunctory answers like “yes” or “no”.

People, who already have work experience in a particular industry, should present the most important projects in which they participated. For fresh graduates essential will be presentation of the scientific projects that they were involved in.

Sooner or later you need to be prepared for question about motivation to work in a given company.
The typical formulas of professional and personal development should be absolutely avoid. Even if these are the reasons why you would like to work in a particular company.

Answering these questions you should underline specific directions for development that is important for you, whether the newest technology that is being used by the company. Be more precise and present your knowledge about the company. Show that you made effort to update information about the employer. Definitely avoid identifying finance as main motivation to apply for the job. Responding to questions about soft skills support answers with specific examples.
While describing your previous professional career or courses during the study, never badmouth your previous employer. In case of graduates it might be disrespectful opinions about people conducting classes. There are several reasons why you should follow this rule. First of all, loyalty to employer is valued in the labor market. Therefore, a person smearing former employer could potentially be a source of bad reviews about the company in the future. Secondly, especially in technical fields with narrow specializations, people even working in different companies, know each other. Therefore, it may happen that when we express our unflattering opinion about someone during the interview, one of the person conducting conversation could be his friend.

Questions to the employer

Based on company description and information included in the job offer candidate should prepare questions that he would like to ask during the interview. All of them need to be related with specific issues that are interesting for you. Appropriate questions could be connected with career path, possible directions of development, system training, cooperation with companies / foreign departments. It is worth to prepare a set of questions especially that during the interview some of them will be answered. During the interview you should avoid questions about the salary. We also know from experience that for many candidates answer to the question about financial expectations may cause problems.

How to prepare to answer about financial expectation?

There are three possible ways to find information about possible salary at a given position. Firstly, friends and colleagues working in a similar company or industry. Secondly, searching for similar offers where salary range will be included. On this basis you can prepare your answer. Thirdly, industry forums, oil and gas job sites offer salary survey and contacts on LinkedIn are usually very willing to provide information on the subject. However, if your search turned out to be unsuccessful, it is best to wait for an offer from the company.

As my final point, I would like to draw attention to one fact. It may look that till now we discussed just obvious and insignificant matters. But they may be crucial to the result of recruitment, due to the fact that usually more candidates apply for the position. From this group, the employer will chooses the best one. In case candidates represent a similar level, crucial for final decision may be just such trivia as spelling or grammatical errors in your resume, missed call or messy look.

Job search is a time-consuming process and can often lead to discouragement. Nevertheless, participation in recruitment processes gives a new experience that helps to eliminate previous mistakes and finally can help in successful end of the recruitment process. I wish that for all of you job interview will be valuable experience.

Aleksandra Grodzka

Recruitment Consultant of Fair Recruitment

aleksandra.grodzka@fr.net.pl

http://www.fr.net.pl/en/

slider image: http://parade.condenast.com/

Is Gender Diversity an Issue in Oil Industry…???

Is Gender Diversity an Issue in Oil Industry…???

In continuation to the previous article where I have talked about the barriers faced by women in the Industry, how they can thrash their opponents, and what preferences do men and women give to choose best career for them. Now I will confer some facts and figures in respect of pay gap and will discuss the role of some of the leading companies for women contribution in the Industry.

http://youngpetro.org/2014/01/30/is-gender-diversity-an-issue-in-oil-industry/

In respect of pay

36% of respondents say male oil and gas professionals are more highly paid than female oil and gas professionals and 44% of oil and gas professionals noted they believe pay is comparable between the genders.

Improvement

Respondents in the U.S. were not only more positive about the career prospects for women in the oil and gas industry, but improvement is also seen in recent years.

Gender 2

“I attribute this to the theory of dominant discourse which says that men are better than women. But I have no doubt about my own potential as a women and that’s why I appoint more women than men,” said NERSA CEO Phindile Nzimande.

Hence the industry needs to bring a different approach in leadership and take into account that women serve in various roles within society-they are mothers, wives as well as professionals.

The platforms and opportunities are there for women in the oil and gas industry, but they are not satisfactory. All we need is to exchange a few words about the industry, and more people need to start taking gain of country’s renewable energy, the skills opportunities, and the business that this industry is bringing, rather than letting huge multinational companies come in and take advantage.

Role of Companies

Many multinationals now have good employment practices in place e.g;

Schlumberger, a leading oilfield service, takes pride in saying that it has a much better sex ratio than anyone else in this field.

Shell outlined that by providing equal opportunities and appreciating the diversity of ethnicity, age and gender, a working culture where differences are valued will be will created.

Women, who represented nearly 32 percent of BP’s hires last year, are playing an increasingly vital role in the effort.

A message to young female professionals

“Get yourself up the ladder with your high heels on”

Getting an engineering degree is not enough, the qualification only gets you into the organization, but the rest of your journey in the company lies entirely with you. Once you are inside the organization, different set of rules apply. You need to develop the right attitude and work very hard.

How can we remove the Gender Imbalance?

When a educated female professional is sidelined in favor of a less qualified man, it is obvious that equality and justice are not fully served. We must realize that there is power in the masses, and seizing this power requires cooperation and shared objectives.

Conclusion

It is about time and interest we all start building and supporting professional networks that eradicate the male vs. female polarization in the industry. The PR industry is known for promoting sustainable development and environmental values, and this list should really include gender equality as well. All the actors in the industry should roll up their sleeves and start working together across gender barriers. The energy professionals should step forward to ensure it is attractive to women and analyze that still a lot of work has to be done in terms of a gender balanced pool of talent.

Refernces

  1. http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/survey-reveals-increasing-representation-and-opportunity-for-women-in-the-oil-and-gas-industry-in-recent-years-235222711.html
  2. http://www.wbs.ac.za/article/opportunities_and_challenges_for_women_leaders_in_the_oil_gas_industry
  3. http://www.rigzone.com/news/oil_gas/a/127452/Women_Fill_40_of_Vacancies_in_Oil_Gas

Is Gender Diversity an Issue in Oil Industry…???

Is Gender Diversity an Issue in Oil Industry…???

Few months back, a discussion about “Gender Diversity” on one of the social networks caught my attention. So after little research I considered to write on this topic because being female and part of this system, I can better understand that surviving in a male- dominating Industry is really challenging and demanding.

A non-traditional or male-dominated industry like Oil Industry contains 25% or fewer women in total employment. While women have made headway into certain industries and occupations, there is still a great gap between women and men in many industries and occupations. One school of thought is that there seems generally to be a shortage of women taking math and engineering courses.

Survey Report

The study conducted by BP and Rigzone, examined female representation in the energy workplace from the perspective of 3,000 oil and gas professionals. Nearly three-quarters of respondents (72%) believed oil and gas remains a male-dominated industry, and there is still a lot of progress to be made. One in five (20%) strongly agreed gender based discrimination occurs within the industry.

More than 60% said they expect the greatest increases in female representation to be among professionals just entering the industry and those early in their career.

“You represent an important pillar to development and function as a nation. I hope your work encourages young girls to take interest in Science so they can take their rightful place in industries that have been known to be male dominated,” said Science and Technology Deputy Minister, Advocate Tshililo Masutha.

Adapting a particular strategy you may diagnose the problem in the system, and with a positive mind set you will be successful in resolving the dilemma. For example:

What are the barriers to increase the proportion of women in the industry…???

1. Respondents cited societal conditioning
2. A lack of qualified candidates
3. Family care responsibilities

What strategies do we follow for improved situation of women participation…???

  1. Implementing STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) programs to improve gender balance
  2. Strengthening Communication
  3. Enhancing trained capabilities
  4. Women startup capital-credit facilities
  5. Enhance market access
  6. Accountability and transparency

Why do Leadership Positions tend to go to men…???

Despite the field is becoming predominantly female, the leadership positions still tend to go to men, and main reason for these facts is:

1. Family planning
2. The gender pay gap
3. The strong networks among men

Women do apply for leadership positions. This shows that planning a family is not as significant a factor as it is, however, women have always had a role at the workplace, and the housewife culture has never gained ground. Women are used to coping with both family and work as demonstrated by many female ministers.

How women can beat the system which is against them…???

  1. Women need a game plan and a clear indication of what they want to achieve
  2. Equip them with knowledge of how the systems work
  3. Make yourself relevant and always engage with the system
  4. Develop confidence-work
  5. Work together with men in opening doors and reaching equal opportunities

 

It is the common stereotype that women have to get married and be housewives, but one should strongly believe that women also have a role to play in the selling of oil and gas. If they would have succumbed to social pressures, they would also be lost to the industry mainly because of guilt.

How to choose a better carrier for yourself…???

When it comes to select a better opportunity, male and female oil and gas professionals were united on the top three decision points:

  1. Intelligibility in pay structure
  2. Ease of accessing mentoring and funding programs
  3. Flexible working arrangements

However, female respondents placed more importance than male respondents on mentoring and sponsorship programs and pay transparency, while female respondents placed more importance on childcare specific benefits. At the same time, both men and women placed nearly equal importance on flexible work arrangements when selecting an employer.

To read the concluding remarks on this topic, must read the next portion of this article, which will be published soon!!!

Develop yourself not only during lecture hours

Develop yourself not only during lecture hours

We live in times in which access to information is almost infinite, thus learning is limited only our willingness, motivation and determination. On the other hand you also have to know where and what search for. YoungPetro comes to aid right here – I’ll try to show you few places, where for free you can expand your knowledge related to Oil & Gas, but we will not stop there – because we are aware that nowadays engineer has to be a real Renaissance man.

Libraries

First place that is worth seeing is of course university library. Most of them share their catalogs on-line, which makes finding interesting books and articles more effective and faster. This place is also great because of another reason – usually our lecturers use and encourage us to read and learn from positions which are available in the campus library. My personal advice is to break out from our comfort zone and maybe borrow handbook from that one course which was always hard for us. Try to face it with determination and maybe you will discover new passions and up to now we just did not give it enough time?

SPE and egpet

SPE – I think that this organization does not need an introduction, at least to any person interested in O&G. But do all of us use the potential of this society to its fullest? Basic opportunity is of course being active in the chapter at our university (or creating one!) – it is a group of people with similar passions and goals to ours. If you lack motivation – believe me – you will get an extra fill of that! SPE offers also eMentoring – it is a really great initiative that offers mentoring to the younger members. Your mentor is professional of qualification you can chose. Of course mentor has right not to take you under his or her wings. I believe this kind of patronage could get you many valuable insights. Another thing that I cannot miss are webinars organized by SPE. Free lectures from professionals from all over the world covering topics from dual gradients to economic evaluation.

Another big community is egpet – Petroleum Community Forum. Although it is not a formal group, people there are very helpful and eager to share their knowledge quite fast. Also because of the presence of many students most questions that bothers you have been already asked – and answered!

Online universities

As I said at the begging – demands of today’s job market are pretty high and still growing. Place where you can expand your technical knowledge and soft skills are online universities. Have ever thought studying at MIT? Harvard or Stanford University? All of these (and many more) shares their courses – often with video lectures – for free. Maybe you will not get a degree from that university but you can take courses with the very same lecturers, demands and materials.

Languages

Language proficiency nowadays is really basic thing. English is not leverage anymore – it is a necessity. Fortunately – there are also communities that offer “language exchange” and learning for free.

Remember that we live in the age of information – all we have to do is embrace it and try to use all available sources of information!

Links:

Society of Petroleum Engineers
SPE webinars
Petroleum Community Forum
MIT OpenCourseWare
Coursea
Academic Earth
Duolingo
Livemocha
word2word
openculture

image from mentalfitness.ch and lerablog.org

CV is prepared so Let’s Find Job!

CV is prepared so Let’s Find Job!

Second step: Priceless tips HOW TO APPLY  from Fair Recruitment Experts!

http://www.fr.net.pl/en/

 Read – use – achieve success!

In previous part >LINK< we presented, in hopefully easy way, how to prepare a proper resume/CV. Before moving forward, I would like to recap the most important points. CV is your business card in contacts with potential employers, so the layout should be clear and transparent. All relevant information should be visible with contact data on top, information about employment and education in reverse chronological order and with no mistakes, even those grammatical and spelling. The resume should provide as much as possible detailed information about your educational background and, if applicable, work experience. Having a well prepared CV allows you to start looking for job.

HOW AND WHERE TO LOOK FOR JOB?

Visiting different internet forums, I came across many posts saying „I sent my CV to hundreds of companies with no result. There’s no hope, I will find job”. Working in recruitment company for some time, I received numerous CVs sent just for the purpose of being sent or sent for completely non related positions. That is absolutely wrong strategy, especially for young person, entering professional market. It can create a sense of powerlessness, feeling of being lost, which may even cause depression. While starting search for job, you should prepare yourself and equip in lot of patience. First of all, you should realize, what type of job you are looking for? Such a simple thing, but it helps a lot. With such knowledge, you are able to pick the right channels of getting with your resume to potential employer.

I think, that for engineering graduates, there are four sources of job offers:

– University Career Centres– more and more companies are reaching for best graduates or students through career centres. That is why, you should check adverts on regular basis. There you may also find information about possible career fairs. It is worth participating in career fairs because it is an opportunity of meeting employees of the company and getting detailed information of the proposed positions. During the fairs, employers and agencies present current vacancies. If the list of participants includes interesting companies, you should go there. Get few copies of your CV to give them to company representatives. Do not give it to all of them. Only those of interest.

– Corporate Websites– even during studies you should follow news from the industry you are interested in. While reading them, you should check company career websites whether there are any openings, that could be of interest. Usually corporations have separate career sites directed to students and graduates. They offer some information about possible paths of professional development, apprenticeship/graduate programmes, and finally list of basic requirements for applicants. Human Resources or Recruitment departments have also separate email addresses for graduates, so you could send your resume (and other required documents if necessary). However, before sending your application, you should check requirements. Same applies in case of application for specific position. If your knowledge, experience and qualifications match the requirements, send resume. In case they don’t, then you can always register yourself at company’s CV database. After submitting your CV in such database, you can expect company representative to contact you in case of openings matching your qualifications.

Professional Job sites– these are professionally oriented websites created for separate industries. Especially in case of oil and gas, such sites are a good option for searching for suitable vacancy. They are used both by employers as well as recruitment agencies, because they are good source of candidates. In most occasions, such website has also its own CV database. Therefore, it is good to create a profile, providing as much information as possible, allowing either company or agency recruiter to find you. One important issue, is that the profile and CV should be updates regularly.The most important sites with jobs offer for oil and gas are:

-Recruitment agencies– it is very tempting for me to include recruitment agency as source of job offers. However, agencies usually work on behalf of clients, who are looking for particular skills and experience and it is rather hard to find offers for graduates. Nevertheless, there are some companies, that leave complete recruitment process to agents including graduate and junior positions. So, you can check agency websites from time to time. You can also submit your CV in their databases and continuously update it.

-Social networks– being very popular lately, social networks became not only a place to meet new friends and maintain contact with existing ones. They became powerful tools for companies and recruiters in search for new candidates. Among all networks, Linked In stands out as the most professional site in the web. With ca. 250 mln of unique users, it creates probably the largest career website. There are more than 5000 groups dedicated to oil and gas industry. Usual criteria for choosing groups is the number of members. The larger number is an indication that the group is “alive” and there are many interesting discussions, in which you could take part. However, some groups are run by administrators of professional job sites and present only job offers. It is wise to keep balance between pure job oriented groups and those, where professionals meet and share opinions.

Most important is the fact, that social networks not only allow recruiters to look for candidates but also create chances for candidates to „meet” their potential employer. While looking for someone to contact, we advise you to look for someone that is responsible for graduate recruitment. It saves time and you will have opportunity to get the fresh news from interesting company. However, in order to increase your chances of getting employed, you should be more visible in the network.

Just one important note, corporate websites, professional job sites, agencies and social networking sites have one thing in common. You are requested to create a profile. The rules are very similar to all three types of websites, so the ones described below, will be applicable to all sources.

BE VISIBLE LINKED IN

As mentioned above, Linked In is a great tool for both sides of recruitment process. Daily, hundreds of recruiters check thousands of profiles in their search for the right candidate. At the same time, thousands of candidates check updates from corporate profiles or recruiters.
In order to help recruiter in finding you, you have to create a good profile, which will be visible. Information provided in the profile should be, similarly to profile on the job site, as specific as possible. Creating a Linked In profile is very easy as you are guided step by step through all fields. In short, the profile should be similar to resume and all rules from previous article apply, including photo.

Good LI profile, apart from typical resume has also other features, that are important. First of all, „Summary”. It is space, where you should put a short but descriptive information about your background, knowledge and experience. It will be explained in further part, why the profile is important. Secondly, the contact list. It is always well seen, when your contact list is not restricted to your colleagues but it also contains names of industry specialists. It really does look professional. Additionally, through your contacts, you have chance to be up to date with industry news as well as information about available vacancies. Your contacts may also become a good source of information about company culture, possible development and other things, that might be interesting. Third important issue: recommendations. In case you had been involved in extracurricular duties, have some work experience (not necessarily within the industry), you can always ask for written opinion from other participant. Obviously, it always looks better, when such opinion is written by direct supervisor than colleague, but the latter also count. One important thing is that while asking someone for recommendation, you should be prepared to write similar references for this person. Linked In gives you also chance to strengthen the profile through skills endorsements. After adding key skills to your profile each of your contacts will have opportunity to „vote” for one of the skills or even propose new skill. In simple words, skills and skills endorsements are the keywords for Linked In search engine. So choose your skills carefully as they will be guidelines for recruiters during their search.

Last but not least method for being visible in the Linked In network are discussions. Especially those touching areas of your professional interest. Taking part or starting new discussions will help your profile to be viewed by other users, which should lead to new contacts with new colleagues, experienced professionals and finally with recruiters.

All above features such as well prepared profile, recommendations, skills endorsements and discussions can be described as rather passive methods of using Linked In as job searching tool. Below, I will try to show, how actively use the network for your purposes.

ACTIVE SEARCHING

 As everybody knows, social networking is based on interactions and same rule applies to Linked In. In addition to being visible, network encourages you to actively look for job. Job offers can be found in form of formal job adverts as well as job discussions in groups. You can use site’s search engine to look for interesting vacancies. By following profiles of interesting companies, you will be informed about updates, including available openings, on regular basis. Linked In allows users to apply directly.

You can also get in touch with people directly responsible for recruitment for companies. In the early stages of your professional career, I would advise contacting company recruiters, so called in-house recruiters. Usual names of their positions would be recruiter, talent development specialist/manager etc. These people should be among your contacts, but do not think about them only as addressees of your applications. They can also serve as source of information about the company, its culture, strategy. Moreover, in case you would be interested in specific project or company activity, they should be able to direct you to person responsible for or working on the chosen subject. First and foremost, do not be afraid of getting in touch with such people, both recruiters and line engineers/managers. They can really help you.

Obviously, while getting involved in networking you should not forget about your colleagues and friends in real life. Especially those already working within the industry. Oil and gas sector is a pretty closed one and many vacancies are filled through personal recommendations without even being announced. So, if you know someone already working in oil and gas, get in touch with them. It worth reminding them about yourself adding that you are actively looking for job, so they could help if possible. There is also one more argument, why you should stay in touch with colleagues in real life. It is growing number of companies rewarding their employees for recommendations, meaning that employee who recommends candidate gets financial reward in case the candidate gets employed. We all agree, that getting such recommendation from person knowing us in real world is much easier and such cooperation may work for both sides.

Through preparation of profile as well as active search, you may receive an invitation to take part in recruitment process. In such case, candidates usually send the prepared pack of documents and wait for response. Sometimes, not even realizing, that such pack can be the beginning of the end of their participation in recruitment process.

APPLICATION DOCUMENTS

One of the worst things that can happen to recruiter is an email with attachments ca. 10 megabytes. There are scans of diplomas, certificates, passports as well as other qualifications. And somewhere among them is one small file, which is most important, the resume.

No matter, whether you apply through company database, job site, networking site or recruitment agency, always try to find information about required documents and stick to this list. One of the most common mistakes are cover letters attached to applications. The problem are not the cover letters themselves but their form. Usually candidates use one template and forward it with application for each position they are interested in. Moreover, some candidates do not change the name of position they apply for or even use the wrong name of company. This is the worst thing that can happen. If, by any chance recruiter goes through such cover letter, he instantly knows, that this is one of the hundred applications sent by the candidate. For recruiter it is sign, that the candidate is not really interested in certain position. Therefore, if required the cover letter should be prepared for specific position and addressed to the right company. That is why, in order to save time, you should check, if the document is required. If not, simply do not send it.

When the company wants to receive application with cover letter, then again, similar to resume, it is worth to spend some time while preparing it. First of all, it should have proper form with headers. In the beginning you should clearly explain for which position you apply for. The best way for it is to copy the name of position with reference number. Following part of the document should be a short presentation of your skills, starting with the most important ones, professional attributes. Ending with social skills as well as explanation, what motivates you to apply for this particular position. The form of cover letter should not exceed one A4 page, including all headers and signature. Simply, it should be a brief presentation of yourself, that would catch recruiter’s eye. Good cover letter should underline experience and qualifications required by the job, so the recruiter could read about them before checking the resume.

I repeat once more, a good cover letter should be written in relevance to the job description of position you apply for. In first instance, you should check the duties and requirements for candidates. Based on them, the letter should contain most important arguments behind your candidacy for that particular position. The letter should also show your knowledge of the company. Therefore, before writing it, spend some time reading about the firm, technologies used and projects in order to reflect this knowledge in the letter. Thanks to that, your letter will be a clear signal of interest in this specific company and this particular position.

In case the cover letter is not required, but you really want to send it, please try to stop yourself, as you can see from above, writing such letter is time consuming. You can always transfer the cover letter into the text of email with your application form/resume. This is what we call summary. The main difference between the cover letter and summary is that summary is more specific and technically oriented. Especially in engineers recruitment, people responsible for it, would rather see the experience and qualifications matching the job instead of baroque sentences. Therefore, as mentioned in case of Linked In profile, it is good to prepare summary as short information about experience, qualifications and specific skills. Second difference is that summary is more general as it is not designed for one particular position and it can be used as part of Linked In profile. Thanks to summary, you will have chance to strengthen your application without sending unnecessary documents.

All above information should serve as guidelines for searching the job. Starting with right places to look for work, through improving visibility, ending with selection and preparation of additional information for recruiters. Equipped with such knowledge, you should be able to find interesting position and apply for it. It is possible, that this time, you would receive an email or phone call from company, inviting you for meeting.

I wish to take this opportunity, to wish you Merry Christmas and happy New Year on behalf of myself and my colleagues from Fair Recruitment.

Pawel Wodka

Recruitment Consultant of Fair Recruitment

pawel.wodka@fr.net.pl

http://www.fr.net.pl/en/

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Ask Fair Recruitment Expert!

Ask Fair Recruitment Expert!

When…

 

– you feel uprepared for your first interview…

–  you are full of doubts about CV, covering letter, required skills etc…

– you are  tired of seeking everything on the internet where is too much inconsistent information…

 

 

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How to write Oil & Gas Graduate CV?

How to write Oil & Gas Graduate CV?

Step first: Priceless tips about preparing CV from Fair Recruitment Experts!

http://www.fr.net.pl/en/

 Read – use – achieve success!

There are thousands of publications available in the web advising on how to write good CV. However, in many cases tips are different and mutually exclusive.I think that main reason behind these differences is the fact that the one, good CV form for all, does not exist. Depending on seniority level, type of work or sector, employers require specific forms of CV. For me good CV is a successful one and the success is when after sending the CV to employer, candidate is invited for job interview. Professional Curriculum Vitae is the first impression you make on your potential employer and for this reason, it is worth to put some effort to make it as good as possible.

In this article, I would like to present on how to write a CV for oil & gas and engineering graduates.

Before you start

As mentioned, the CV is the first impression of your person for employer. It is also the first step in whole recruitment process. Therefore, before making it, the most important and key aspect is to check relevance of your knowledge and experience to requirements set by the employer. I strongly recommend, that before applying for particular position, you should compare the Job Description with your own resume. If you decide, that your background and skills are close to that expected by employer, my advice can be only one- apply!

CV Layout

During our meetings with students and graduates, many of them ask us how to make that CV will be more visible to potential employers. Usually, they ask about specific graphic forms and extras. That is wrong direction. Strange and unique graphic forms of CV, various colors, large photos and different fonts do not help your CV in any way.
Certainly, such kind of decorative CV may help if you are applying for creative jobs like graphic designer or marketing/PR specialist but, it is not suitable for oil and gas professionals or engineering graduates at all. More importantly, such unspecific CV may even be the reason of rejection as some recruiters may see it as signal that candidate does not follow the rules, which in case of oil and gas are very important, if not crucial.

Considering the amount of time and money invested in training to transform fresh graduates into profitable employees, it is understandable that recruiters look for candidates aware of their goals, willing to stay with company as long as possible.
I think, that it is worth to follow few simple rules as CV of oil and gas graduate should be visible not because of layout but because of content. The most important principles are simplicity and transparency, therefore we advise use of verified forms of CV layout as these are also used by recruiters, especially within technical recruitment area.

The most important issues, you should keep in mind before sending application documents for chosen position:

 –  Spelling and grammatical mistakes should be absolutely avoided. Such omissions suggest that you do not pay attention to details and are first sign of your negligence. Such mistakes may cause a lot more questions from recruiters during interview or in worst case scenario, be the reason for rejection. Therefore, we advise to read the printed CV few times before sending it. It is also worth to ask a friend to read it in order to find all mistakes.

– Photo, in general there are couple theories regarding this topic. One of them says that appropriate picture added to resume helps in remembering the candidate and reduces the distance between recruiter and candidate during either phone or face to face interview. The recruiter has impression that he knows the person, at least by sight. On the other hand, you really do not know who screens your CV and what impression it can make on this person. Certainly, funny, naked and holiday photos should not be a part of professional CV. If you think that your photo can make positive impression on person reading the CV, feel free to add it, if not there is no need for that. For example, in Fair Recruitment all Cvs forwarded to our clients are without any photos in order to provide equal chances to all candidates who are considered in particular recruitment process. The only exception is when employer requires Cvs to have photo included, which is quite popular in case of offshore companies.

– Contact data should be on top of the CV. You should provide all telephone/mobile numbers and email addresses. As to emails, funny email addresses may create negative impression. While using funny, private e-mail, it is worth creating different one to use while sending applications and for other professional activities. Following scheme can be useful: first name initial + surname or last name, which is close to model used by companies. It definitely looks better than your nickname. As to residential address, it is not mandatory but from our perspective it is worth to add it because sooner or later during the recruitment process, employer will ask about it. When you are looking for the job in company which is located in the city where you live at the moment, it could be additional advantage. Remember, that in case of two or more similar Cvs, the employer will consider candidates’ location as additional criteria in favor of local candidate.

– Information about employment or educational record should be arranged in reverse chronological order. This is standard, period. Any other form of providing information in resume may result in omitting of relevant information

– Using the same font guarantees that CV will look the same on all computers.

File format also should be common. The best at the moment are .doc and .pdf. We do not recommend the newest version of MS Word because there are chances that some companies do not use this software. While sending your resume to recruitment agency, do not use secured .pdf. Usually agencies use own CV Layout and need to convert your CV, so it must be easy to edit.

I think that based on above information you should not have any problems avoiding most common mistakes regarding the form of CV. Now I would like to present the most important issue,

The content of graduate CV:

Education should be described in details. You need to put information about name of university, major, specialization. In case of university career, as long as it is related to the job you apply for, it is worth to put information about relevant courses and master thesis topic. In case of earlier education, information about school is sufficient and there is no need to describe high school courses in details. The only exception to that rule is, when you finished technical college or trade school with profile relevant to industry sector.

– Definitely including information about Grade Point Average is a good idea. Employers always look for the best students and good GPA can be the key factor influencing employer’s decision. Question about GPA score is one of the most popular in case of graduate recruitment, so sooner or later you will be asked about it. I think that it is worth to also include diploma examination grade, the diploma thesis grade and master thesis diploma. Usually they are higher than GPA and can make a good impression.

Language knowledge is essential for employers. Despite the fact that knowledge of English is a standard, its level should be described precisely. You can use standard gradation like fluent, advanced, intermediate or use the The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages which is popular mainly in continental Europe. Information about level of technical English and any other foreign languages you know, will be also highly appreciated and may be decisive for recruiter’s decision.

– Apprenticeship while studying is a very important factor, influencing employers’ decisions of inviting candidate for the interview. Therefore, we recommended to include such information in CV. Please remember to include information about your responsibilities during the apprenticeship, company name and other data, which might be useful for potential employer.

– Participation in extracurricular activities and courses. It is perfect when such activities are in the line with the job offer or company business.

– Participation in student associations, scientific societies, conferences. Together with apprenticeships, extracurricular activities and courses, conferences are the signal for the employer that candidate is interested in the sector and willing to learn.

– Specific software or methodology knowledge. If during studies or through extracurricular activities you acquire knowledge about specific software or methodology, it has to be visible in the CV. However, the information should also be specific about the level of knowledge. During interview, the recruiter will ask about it and therefore it is better to provide detailed information beforehand, so you would not be surprised by questions about the software/methodology relevant, to let’s say, proficient level.

– In case of some work experience connected to the industry, it is essential to describe all responsibilities. In case of holiday work or part time job, which is not connected with our education, it is worth to briefly inform about it. Generally all employers like hardworking peoples.

All these rules have one in common, Curriculum Vitae has to be true. Apart from obvious ethical reasons, you should remember, that all information provided in resume can be easily verified either during interview or through references check. Therefore, you should estimate your knowledge and skills in particular subjects. It is much better to lack some skills and confess to it, than lying about their knowledge.

Just imagine situation: your resume says, that your English is fluent however, during interview it turns out to be basic or pre-intermediate. The first thought of company representative would be “if for that candidate this is fluent English, I do not even want to know what intermediate means in other topics”

I hope that presentation of most important issues related to writing good CV will be helpful. Starting with relevance check, through layout and content, ending on spelling and grammar all above information form a basic compendium for those making the first step in their professional career. Based on my advice, you should be able to create resume that will catch recruiter’s attention and you will be invited for interview. However, our practice shows, that even the best CV does not guarantee such invitation in case of each recruitment process. Nevertheless, you should stay positive and keep trying, especially, that oil and gas industry is very close to face the problem of growing demand for professionals. Wishing you all the best!

Jakub Pawłaszek

Managing Director of Fair Recruitment

http://www.fr.net.pl/en/

If you have any questions to Fair Recruitment Experts – please send it to

fr@youngpetro.org

They will give you further advices!

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New in CAREER: YoungPetro in collaboration with Fair Recruitment

New in CAREER: YoungPetro in collaboration with Fair Recruitment

Do you know how to find the job you dream about? Find the answer with Fair Recruitment agency!

 

Fair Recruitment Experts are giving their advices especially for YoungPetro Readers!

Soon in our Magazine!

Your questions to Fair Recruitment agency should be sent to: fr@youngpetro.org

Experts  from Fair Recruitment will share their priceless knowledge and experience with YoungPetro Readers regularly.  to their articles you’ll gain knowledge how to Find Your Dream Job -Step by Step.

First article will be published at the beginning of November!

First Step: You’ll get to know how to prepare a good CV!

About Fair Recruitment

Fair Recruitment is an independent recruitment, consulting and headhunting agency. Their extensive experience covers services in all areas of recruitment, selection, relocation in the international and domestic labour markets.
The main area of their activities are recruitment projects for specialist, engineering and managerial posts as well as complex recruitment services for different areas of industry.
This company has experience in recruitment for energy, oil and gas, construction, automotive and new technologies (IT) sectors. They also manage recruitment in the fields of marketing, public relations and other sectors, depending on the client’s requirements.

More in Career Tips soon:

  •  Articles Find Your Dream Job – Step by Step
  •  How work in Oil & Gas Industry looks like – useful tips
  •  Ask an Expert – your questions for Fair Recruitment
  •  Job/ internships offers – Fair Recruitment database

Be up-to-date! Visit the page of Fair Recruitment agency and find out more! http://www.fr.net.pl/en/

 

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How to Get Entry Into Directional Drilling Profession?

How to Get Entry Into Directional Drilling Profession?

 

One of the biggest breakthroughs in how we get the fuel for our vehicles and homes is the science of directional drilling of oil and gas wells. The job of a directional driller is one of the most highly compensated positions in the petroleum exploration industry. Directional drilling has helped discover vast new deposits of oil and natural gas throughout the globe. The technology is for the first time in years reversing the decline in domestic oil production. For this reason, the number of jobs in directional drilling of oil wells is increasing.

Directional drillers earn good money, some of the best in the oilfield, for being in charge of drilling an oil well sideways or horizontally. It can be a demanding high pressure job. To be a directional driller one must be very mechanically inclined, have a good amount oilfield experience, be good at mathematics and be willing to travel and spend much as fifty weeks a year away from home when starting out.

How?

The people who most often become highly paid directional drillers have usually arrived at the position by one of two paths. Some have worked their way up the ladder from roughneck and regular oil rig driller and then applied for the job of directional driller with a service company, such as Sperry Sun, that specializes in that type of work. To be hired they must have years of experience drilling oil wells in different types of rock formations, working on different types of rigs, etc., as well as possess excellent math and problem solving skills.
Others who become directional drillers may have spent several years working in the field of MWD-LWD (Measure and Logging While Drilling), which is the electronic technology used to guide directional drillers as they drill oil and gas wells horizontally through rock stratas. Those working in LWD and MWD may have an engineering degree from a university or technical school degree.

Required Educational Background

There are several ways to enter the vast oil and gas field. If you browse through the profiles of different oil field workers, you’ll observe that some are just high school pass outs while some are masters’ degree holder too. There are just few companies which recruit freshers directly as a directional drilling personnel and maximum of those are PSU’s. Most of the reputed companies hire fresh graduates as a MWD operator and after few years (may be about 4 to 5 years) they are provided DD training and shifted to core directional drilling department as a DD.

If you are fresh Engineering Graduate with Electronics, IT, Computer, Petroleum as major, you can directly enter the MWD department and later get promoted to Directional drilling section.

If you are fresh graduate with Petroleum or Mechanical major, you can enter via drilling and then switching to MWD since all MWD service providers do not recruit mechanical engineers for MWD field operation.

Education background preferred for MWD operator position:
Bachelors in Electronics / Electronics & Communication
Bachelors in Computer / IT
Bachelors in Petroleum

If you want to get a job as a directional driller, make sure you take courses in math and science in high school and college. Trigonometry is an essential part of the job and though many of the calculations used to determine how to build or maintain angle in the well can be done on programmable scientific calculators, understanding the “why” behind the math is essential to the job. In addition, most companies require that directional drillers attend a multi – day class and pass a final exam before being promoted any further than trainee.

Job Environment

Your work will either be on a land rig or on an offshore rig. There is no such thing as a typical “work day” for a directional driller. One of the most critical times on the job is when the directional driller is diverting the well from vertical to horizontal. A bad calculation on error in judgment when deciding when and how to build angle can mean the difference between having to abandon days of work, cement the newly drilled section of the well, etc. During these times both the day and night directional drillers may be up for many hours without sleep. During the training phase of the job a trainee may work part of the night with one driller and part of the day with the other full time D.D. Since well trained “hands” are in high demand, they may go straight from one job to the other, with days in between going home. To say that the job can be stressful is an understatement.

Salaries

Salaries for directional drillers with several years of experience may be well over $200,000 a year but in return they are required to go to jobs anywhere, at anytime the company orders them to do so.

Sources:

• CAREER IN DIRECTIONAL DRILLING, Directional Drilling Technology Blog.

• How to Get A Job As A Directional Driller In The Oilfield, eHow Contributor