<a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/03/06/how-is-it-possible-to-produce-oil-from-sand/"><b>How is it possible to produce oil from sand?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2011/10/09/people-engineers-and-spe-members/"><b>People, Engineers and SPE Members</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/19/if-i-were-a-prime-minister/"><b>If I Were a Prime Minister…</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/26/polish-shales-delayed/"><b>Polish shales delayed?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/01/11/russia-continues-the-policy-of-states-companies-monopoly/"><b>Russia continues the policy of state companies’ monopoly</b></a>

Oil and Gas Industry Career

Oil and Gas Industry Career

In the modern age, people have the choice to choose from a lot of professional career. It is easy for people now to pursue a career compared to old generations. Most of the educational systems are career oriented and students can shape their career from their young age onwards. The advancements in technology have allowed us to think about different careers that will help us to flourish professionally and personally.

Oil and gas are two of the main industries that present many job offers. You can find a lot of people pursuing career in oil and gas industry. Oil and gas industry helps numerous people to plan a career in this field and lets you become successful as a professional as well. More or less everyone’s career in oil and gas is distinctive. Since the career in oil and gas industry is team-oriented, the people who wish to practice a career in this field should have a good grasp of the industry. Here is a look at how to begin a career in oil and gas industry:

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Facing the truth

Facing the truth

It has been almost a year and a half since oil price dropped below 100$/bbl level. This trend continues badly and consequently gas price is low. Huge oil companies lay off thousands of employees and recent graduates cannot believe such a situation. In the internet more and more questions were asked and so did answers come into sight. Some of them present pragmatic point of view and some are completly useless and not really accordant with potential engineer ethics.

The truth is that as graduates we look for the quickest way to make money. Just think about it, we pay a lot of money for our studies, work hard, invest our time and effort in it and sacriface our youth for better life. Many of those who decided to study Petroleum Engineering or similiar major in the USA, Canada, Australia or United Kingdom probably will end up with a loan so there is no possibilty of rejecting the path we have chosen. Even if currently there is no way to find a job in oil and gas industry we should definately find something else that would be a good background for our future job. In the meantime it is essential to provide ourselves with a good education on our own. What do I mean by that? With BSc degree you will be able to face basic challenges in your first job so do not consider doing Masters, PhDs or worst of all Postgraduate studies. It will be worthless unless you have got some work experience. If price do not rise you will end up with huge loan and just a theoretical knowledge. Forget about volunteering as well. During studies you had time to do some summer internships or apprenticeships. I bet big companies even offered competitive salaries in order to attract and train young talents. In worse case you could work for free but still in oil and gas industry to gain essential knowledge and experience but now volunteering within industry not related with oil and gas is pointless.

If not working in other postions try to get and invest your capital and run your own business. What is important is that you will find out how to manage and develop it. Surely being entreprenuer is not easy but this could be really challenging and demanding with a positive effect on your future. You can always treat the current problem as a challenge. Besides, there are always different raw materials that are worth extracting. People drill not only to extract oil or gas, there is demand for plenty of geothermal water, coal and many chemical elements. We need to understand that the world seeks for automation of extraction process to cut costs to the minimum level. There is no point in engaging people if machines can do the same work for us. Still, this is a chance for engineers to work on these problems and try to figure out how to both maximize production and minimaze costs.

And to sum up, you do not have to take under consideration cliché like „build your network”. Obviously, it is a really important part of becoming successful but one should do it constantly, not just when oil price is low and everyone is looking for the last resort. The world is cruel and potential engineers are not supposed to act like lost kids or creatures controlled by others. Show everyone else that you are able to survive and live well even before oil price bounces back.

An Essential Skill Many Graduates Lack

An Essential Skill Many Graduates Lack

What comes to mind when we talk about skills future employers want to see in recent graduates is; communication, problem solving, leadership, creativity, and adaptability skills. While such skills are undoubtedly in demand, an essential skill many employers want graduates to have which you might not even have thought about is called quantitative reasoning skill. You are probably wondering what quantitative reasoning skill is all about? To give you a little bit of understanding, consider the following example:

You are given a calculation based question to solve, and you are asked to take a decision based on the result you get from your calculation. The decision might be to either invest in a new business opportunity or not, or to choose a product based on the product’s price and quality and the list goes down. The skill required to take such decisions is called quantitative reasoning.

What is quantitative reasoning skill?

Quantitative reasoning skill ( QR ) is the ability to understand and use quantitative information to come to a solid conclusion. It involves the application of basic mathematical, and critical thinking skills to draw justified conclusions from facts and evidence available at hand. QR is considered among the most important intellectual skills such as communication fluency, information literacy, and analytical thinking that all university graduates should acquire.

Why QR is so important?

The importance of QR skill comes from the fact that it is a real world skill that future employers want you to have. Whether you are taking engineering, science, or even arts major, quantitative reasoning is a skill everyone need these days. There is no major I can think of that does not need a quantitative understanding. Whether you are still student, recent graduate or even having a career right now, cultivating this skill is a crucial factor that will determine how successful you will be.

But, do all graduates have this important skill?

As a recent graduate, I can tell you the answer. Not all students who graduate have this skill. And even those graduates who have QR skill, it may not be as strong as required by employers. The issue comes down to few reasons. First of all, students are often not informed by the academia about the importance of this skill in their career readiness and life in general. Therefore, they can not develop something they do not know its benefits for them or why they need it in their career.

The second reason is the misconception that QR skill is already thought in math classes. The truth is, there is a huge difference between QR and math. It is true that QR utilizes the basic mathematical skills in getting the calculation result, however it is more about the meaning of the calculation results rather than how to perform the calculation itself. As a result, academic subjects are more into recalling math procedures rather than encouraging students to think critically about problems in real-life contexts.

How do you cultivate and develop QR skills?

For you to have the ability to understand and use statistical data to make informed decisions, you must first have a sense of numbers, measurements and what they really represent. This is due to the fact that your accurate sense of numbers and measurements backed by a strong mathematical knowledge base is what will enable you to make accurate conclusions.

Once that put in place, the next step is to practice quantitative reasoning in diverse settings. Find problems that require you to think critically, analyze data, interpret numbers to reach decisions based on those results you get from solving such problems. A better way is to practice solving problems in real-life contest. That means taking problems from current real-life events. This will surely motivates you to go beyond recalling procedures and solving mathematical problems to think critically about the result you get and relate what you learn to the real life.

As a student or recent graduate or even having an entry level career, you need QR skills more than any other skills in your daily life and your career readiness. Strong quantitative reasoning skills will allow you to make sense of complex situations in your everyday life and enable you to make informed choices and decisions. It is never too late to learn something new, if you have that skill, make it better, and if you do not have it, go and cultivate it.

The O&G Industry Downturn: What It Means For Recent Grads? And How To Survive It?

The O&G Industry Downturn: What It Means For Recent Grads? And How To Survive It?

It was June 2014 when the oil and gas industry started to experience a downward market. Oil prices fell sharply to around $70 per barrel by November 2014, and this marked an end to a four-year period of price stability above $100 per barrel. Besides the geopolitical and economic factors responsible for the drastic change in oil prices, the prominent factor for the crash of oil prices was the unbalance between supply and demand.

According to the December 2014 monthly update of the United States Energy Information Administration ( EIA ), there was an increase in supply of liquid fuels by 1.8 million B/D to 92 million B/ in 2014, whereas demand did not keep pace. The global demand was low due to high oil prices for too long and low economic activities. On the other hand, supply was up because of U.S. shale oil boom, and the return of Libya’s production. Decreased demand and increased supply directly leads to low oil prices.

It was expected that the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries would play its conventional role of protecting the oil prices by reducing its quota to balance the supply and demand as it always did. However, what OPEC did was totally the opposite. OPEC decided to not cut production in a new strategy to protect its market-share. Consequently, the O&G industry was dealt a crushing blow. The crash in oil prices has led to many layoffs, spending cut backs, project deferrals, service price deflation, renegotiation and significant delays at major projects and this officially announces that the O&G industry is in a downturn.

What The Downturn Means For Recent Grads?

The crash in oil prices especially after November 2014 -when OPEC decided to stick to its market-share strategy- has led to many layoffs from both operating and service companies along with a slowdown in the hiring activities or completely putting a freeze on hiring. As a consequence, many O&G professionals have lost their jobs and fresh graduates are finding it extremely hard to secure a job in an industry they spent four years earning an entry ticket to.

The increase in the number of people seeking jobs -both due to the current layoffs that left many professionals unemployed and recent graduates- accompanied with few or no job postings from O&G companies has undoubtedly made 2014 a pivotal point where a transition in the market type from “candidate-driven market” to a “client-driven market” took place.

In a client-driven market where demand for jobs is much higher than what is being offered, the competition is extremely high and the possibilities of securing a job is much lower especially for recent graduates. Job applicants with experiences and job training are more preferred than recent graduates in such a market. This is due to the fact that the value they add to the company comes much faster than what fresh graduates do, and this is due to the longer time required to train fresh graduates.

Even in the case of fresh graduates job openings; in a client-driven market, O&G companies are at an advantage of having a chance to choose the best candidates with even less salary. This is due to the fact that in a client-driven market, many applicants compete over few job openings unlike in a candidate-driven market where prospective candidates are currently working, and there is a need for new workforce which gives an advantage for any applicant to get the job with less competition.

Low oil prices and its consequences on the hiring activities has also driven many petroleum related courses’ graduates to either divert into different industries -sometimes not even related to their field of study- or spend their time at home doing nothing other than killing time waiting for the market to recover. It is true that fresh graduates and professionals who lost their jobs due to the crash in oil prices are experiencing a bad time, but this is the price to keep the industry going and guarantee an even-keeled revenue stream and business sustainability.

How Can Recent Grads Survive The Downturn?

It is important to keep in mind that the oil and gas business is boom and bust by nature, this is not the first price bust in the O&G industry and definitely will not be the last. A similar downturn occurred in the late 1980s through the 1990s and the most recent downturn occurred in 2008. Downturns are harsh realities that can not be avoided as it is the nature of this business. What you can do as a recent graduate who is passionate about this industry is to navigate the industry during the downturn in the following ways:

1- Keep in mind that it will get worse before it gets better as the current events in 2015 are indicating signs of no price recovery such as the continuous increase in production from Iraq, Iran and Libya and few other countries, China’s dramatic slowdown, refining maintenance season which is about to begin soon, Greek crisis and lifting sanctions from Iran. Knowing that things will get worse will ignite the fire within you to take the following advice seriously and work hard.

2- Get informed about the current events in the oil and gas industry. Know where layoffs happened, which sectors are more affected and which are still having employment activities and apply for them. Besides, knowing where new projects are taking place will help you to increase your possibilities of getting a job by applying for jobs in response to the need.

3- Diversify. This means keeping your petroleum engineering skills broad. It doesn’t matter what your focus is or what your final year project was, you should learn about other engineering disciplines, and read more. It also means cultivating new skills that will surely set you apart from the rest of your peers.

4- Widen your connections. This is a very crucial point not only for getting a job, but also for your career development and success. Create a LinkedIn profile if you do not have one, make it professional, start adding people and network with them. Attend conferences and events related to your industry. All those will help you widen your network, which comes with an advantage of increasing opportunities.

5- Volunteering. Volunteering during a downturn has career benefits. Apart from enhancing your industry network which surely can help you get a job, it develops your leadership skills, provides a résumé boost, and it gives you access to technical information. Never underestimate the outcomes of any volunteer activity even if it is not related to your field of study. Just go for it, and learn. Chances are, it will pay you back later.

6- Get a job that will help you be independent and support you to make a living. It does not matter where as long as you work, and make money. And if you can afford to further your education, do so. This adds value and helps increase your chances of getting a job later especially if you further your study in business administration, finance and so on.

The downturn is going nowhere at least for the end of 2015, and it is your decision how to react to that. If the O&G industry is your passion, I trust you will fight and win the battle. But before that happens, a lot must be done, so start now.

Prices-down, anxiety-up. Is it legitimate?

Prices-down, anxiety-up. Is it legitimate?


During the age of the American oil boom prospects to pursue a petroleum engineering degree were encouraging and a lot of young people thought that it is a certainity on the work market for the nearest future.

Unfortunately, crude prices are contiuously declining- the U.S. benchmark fell to $57.81 a barrel on Friday- and present student are starting to wonder whether their decision will transpire as a good one.

Valid energy companies as Apache Corp., BP, ConocoPhillips and Continental Resources are said to be planning budget cuts, experts anticipate further industry consolidation, which is a justified premise that petroleum branch is heading a slowdown.

Anxiety of students is also related to their apprehension that hunting for job and internship will become more competitive. Industry can’t assure work for future graduated and thit is not a problem of a moment so they are considering undertaking master’s degrees or jobs which will provide them practical experience so they won’t finish they internships empty-handed.

University officials do not have such a harsh attitude as students have and expect that working in petroleum industry will remain attractive for students. They don’t treat numbers as authority and are pointing substantial side of the problem- this business is cyclical. However they are adivising to become more flexible or ponder taking non-engineering roles.

Ramanan Krishnamoorti, chief energy officer at the University of Houston, does not expect that industry will hire less. According to his words, salaries and bonuses might decrease althought he doubts that companies will not invest in young talents.

Daniel Hill, head of petroleum engineering department at Texsam A&M, did not experienced negative effects of slowdown in the industry, 85% of his students still have secured job offers. “The world’s demand for oil and gas is not dropping,” Hill said. “And it’s got to come from somewhere.”[1]


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Field vs. office work in Oil & Gas Industry

Field vs. office work in Oil & Gas Industry

New article from Fair Recruitment – written by professional Recruitment Consultant – Pawel Wodka

Choosing your career path is one of the hardest decisions faced by after finishing studies. For graduates of oil & gas exploration and production related faculties the main choice is whether to work in the field (on the rig), or in the office?

As usual in such situations each choice has its own pros and cons creating both opportunities as well as barriers in future career. One of the most important, if not the most important rule while considering the start of professional life is to do what you like and you’re good at. Following that advice, you are increasing your chances for achieving success, further advance and personal development.

Field work in oil and gas usually means rig, therefore I would like to point out usual requirements for people who are looking for rig jobs:

– Ability to handle stressful situation and think quickly.

– Stamina and flexibility to work outdoors in any weather conditions.

– Very good communication skills

– Ability to explain things clearly to others

– Ability to take direction and show initiative.

– HSE awareness

– Tolerance for travelling to and remaining in isolated locations for extended periods of time.

– Willing to walk long distances in uneven terrain carrying heavy loads.

– Enjoy outdoor physical activities and operating all-terrain vehicles.

-Willing to travel on boats, helicopters and other wilderness transportation.

Working on the rig usually means rotation. Rigs are located in the same places, where resources, hence there is quite a good chance of getting into remote location, distant from what we call civilization and very possibly with harsh weather conditions. It is to some extent adventurous characteristic however, confusing. Working on the rig means everyday routine described by shifts and enforced by HSE rules. Unlike some TV documentaries show, rig work can be boring. But still you should expect the unexpected as the working environment is by definition hazardous one. So rather than adventure seekers, companies are looking for mature, responsible people with strong character and safety awareness.

Although higher education is not necessary for such work, due to international character of rig personnel, good communication skills are a must. That means good knowledge of English but also an ability to talk to and get along with people of different origins with different characters, which is even more important because, you will spend some time with these people.

If all written above applies to you, then you should follow this path. Mainly because higher educated candidates with addition of hard work are very likely to advance within the company or within the industry. Another advantage comes from the fact, that having strong field work background should make you an interesting candidate for operators, contractors or service companies. Even in case of sales related jobs (sales of services, tools, etc.) previous rig experience is a plus.

One of the most important advantages of such work are salaries, which are among the highest within the industry. Even entry level positions are paid over the average, especially compared to non oil and gas industry.

Although, the work itself is a routine, especially young employees see it as possibility to travel to distant areas, which normally would not be seen, meeting interesting people or for some, even a test of their abilities. But as I mentioned above, at work, maturity and responsibility are highest regarded characteristics and even testing yourself in harsh environment should be done in accordance to safety rules.

Last but not least, many young employees like the rotations. Mainly because number of days off, gives the opportunity to realize their plans related to private life.

Now, let us sit in the office, where following characteristics are required:

– Usually good knowledge of maths / physics / science.

– Understanding of engineering principles.

– Ability to understand and present scientific data.

– Ability to explain things clearly to others both verbally and in writing.

– Having an inquiring and analytical mind.

– Ability to work independently as well as part of a team.

– Focus on detail.

– Ability to solve complex scientific problems.

– Ability to work with sophisticated computer programs for data analysis.


First what comes to mind while thinking about office work is stability. Usually, after going through trial period you would be offered permanent employment. In many cases, that also means working in the same place, most probably in a big city, where offices are located. In case of office jobs, higher, industry related education is currently a must. That means, that majority of your colleagues will have similar background.

One of the main characteristics of such jobs is constant development of professional skills, which is reflected in large number of different trainings and courses. Due to high cost of specialist trainings, office workers should see it as one of the most important benefits, which should compensate lower than rig salaries. However, these still are attractive in relation to other industries and are supported by different benefits.

Office work does not bring excitement similar to field work but can also be challenging, especially in case of science oriented projects. Nevertheless, the main advantage is the stability, which allows you to think about starting your own family without fear of long absence periods.

Coming back to reality, we know that due to limited number of job offers for graduates you may be forced to take the offer that is on the table at specific moment. But even facing such situation, you should remember to take a while to think about the offer. Sometimes wrong choice may break your career in the beginnig, so it is useful to consider your priorities ie. stability vs. better salaries, regular working hours vs. shifts and rotation. Even physical fitness can be an issue. It is possible, that passing on one offer may give you a chance to find job, where you will have opportunity to develop yourself into highly regarded professional. Especially now, when almost all surveys show a huge gap in oil and gas workforce both field and office based. This situation should open doors for successful career, which I wish for all of you.

Also, at this time of the year, I would like to wish you all the best during your exams and searching for dream job. But most of all, have a great holidays!


this article is written by:

Pawel Wodka

Recruitment Consultant



slider image: http://images.wisegeek.com/

Job interview in the oil and gas sector

Job interview in the oil and gas sector

Third step: Priceless tips about JOB INTERVIEW in the oil and gas sector from Fair Recruitment Experts for graduates!


 Read – use – achieve success!

Job interview is the next step in the recruitment process after positive evaluation of CV. Personal interview is a method used most frequently to identify the right candidate for the presented position. Often this is also the only moment when representatives of the employer have the opportunity to get to know the candidates better. It may happen that the job interview is the final step in an extensive recruiting process, therefore it can be crucial for success in applying for a job. For this reason the most important rule with job interview is – be prepared.

Same steps of the interview are easy to predict owing to the fact that consultants responsible for conducting the interview use proven interview schemes. For the purpose of our topic we adopt a universal standard that is most widely used by our customers.

Beginning of the interview

After entering the room, where the interview will take place, representatives of the employer will welcome you and present themselves as well as other people, who will be present during the meeting. Right after recruiter will ask a question totally unrelated to the subject of the meeting. Most often these are questions about any problems with finding headquarters of the company or the weather. During major events, especially sport ones, the recruiter may also bring up this subject. Such nonbinding exchange of views should allow to make contact between candidate and employer’s representatives, as well as help in relaxing the atmosphere. After a brief exchange of views, person responsible for conducting the interview, should present plan of the meeting.

Presentation of interview plan

Standard plan of the interview may be presented as follows:

– Presentation of the company, completed and currently conducted projects, as well as plans for the future;

– Presentation of position and description of its place in the structure within the company, as well as requirements for the given vacancy;

-An initial introduction is followed by fundamental part of the interview which is a series of questions to the candidate;

-During each interview candidate also gets a chance to ask questions to representatives of the employer;

– At the end, along with thanks for coming, the candidate should be informed of the date and method of notification of results of the whole recruitment process.

Interview questions to the candidate

 The main objective of this part is to discuss content of the CV or in case of graduates, knowledge acquired during studies, internships and apprenticeships. First of all, listen to the entire question before you answer. Questions asked during the interview should verify authenticity of the information provided in resume. Verification of the candidate’s knowledge and skills is another objective of the interview. It may happen that in order to verify information, candidate will be asked to solve a task or test, which usually is related to candidate base of knowledge. The final purposes of the questions to the candidate is to complement knowledge about him. The better-written resume, the smaller number of additional questions asked by representatives of the employer. A large number of supplementary questions arising during the interview, may adversely affect the candidate causing stress. To avoid such a situation, candidate should respond specifically and fully to each recruiter’s question. Person responding briefly and laconically can expect additional questions regarding to a single topic until the recruiter will receive a satisfactory answer. Usually, one of the participants of the interview is a representative of the department / division to which the offered position is assigned. Due to the substantive knowledge, this person is responsible for verification of candidates’ technical knowledge, qualifications and experience.

Despite technical questions, recruiter may also arise ones directly related to the candidate personality and soft skills such as initiative and the ability to achieve the objectives, creativity, communication skills, ability to cooperate in a team, ability to solve problems. Before the interview you should take time to practice answering the interview questions, that will help calm your nerves.

There is a series of questions underestimated by candidates, however, from the recruiter point of view, these questions have considerable sense. For example:

·  The question about the strengths – first of all this question checks the   candidate’s priorities and secondly, whether among these advantages occur examples which are crucial for the position;
·  The question about the weaknesses – the same like in the case of questions about advantages – the interviewer wants to check whether the candidate is aware of his flaws that determine the level of maturity but also if that weaknesses will have a direct influence on the future work;
·  The question about greatest success – a person who leads recruitment process wants to know candidate’s value system and secondly how that person achieved success, if it was just a coincidence or actually the result of deliberate and active approach;
· The question about failure – similar to the question about flaws or weaknesses, presented question determines the level of awareness of failures or mistakes made in the past by the candidate, as well as lessons learned and possible action that person undertake to eliminate mistakes;
· During the interview, candidates can expect questions about the motivation to work in a given company, at particular position. The purpose of this question, it is probably clear. The recruiter wants to know the exact motives that determined decision to work in this particular company;
·  The question about financial expectations occurs when a job offer does not include information about wages and also when the candidate has not been asked to include such information in the application documents before job interview.

Candidate’s questions

We also should remember, that right behind the interview questions to the candidate, secondly the most important part of the interview is candidate’s questions time. Especially graduates should always welcome the opportunity to ask questions and demonstrate interest in the job offer and the company. Normally, in the middle of the job interview or near to the end, you will have an opportunity to ask about practically every aspect related to work. At any price, do not underestimate the chance to ask questions therefore, prior to the meeting prepare a short list of questions. Quality of these questions can also be crucial to the final decision on your application.

How to prepare for a job interview?

First and foremost, if you are interested in employment at the offered position, you need to carefully prepare for the meeting with the representative of the employer. Preparations begin after receiving an invitation for an job interview.

Typically, such information company sends by e-mail. It may also happen that you will receive call from the HR department.

In the first place, check if it is possible for you to take part in the interview at certain date and time. If you have any other plans, you should try to reschedule day and be available for the employer. Perhaps you will be invited for the interview to another city. Then it is strategic to plan your trip in order to avoid any possible delays.

It is important to remember, that the interview may also involve persons from different department than HR.
In case of recruitment to international companies also representatives of international offices / headquarters may participate, therefore candidate should adjust to their timetable. As soon as possible, candidate should confirm attendance at the meeting, preferably via email and also select a confirmation of receipt message. Setting a reminder on your phone / tablet / computer could be helpful. It may sound silly, but it happened to us several times that candidate forgot about an appointment. In some cases, this may effect in candidate’s rejection. Be also on time for the interview or even five to ten minutes earlier.

Before the interview, candidate should reserve some time for preparation. The best time to start preparation seems to be one day before the interview focusing on the three main areas.

Knowledge of the employer

Before the interview, it is useful to find out as much as you can about the employer. Company research is a significant part of interview preparation. Checking company website, reading about completed projects, company structure and the scope of services offered appear to be the best way.

Awareness of your own purposes

Based on information about the company, you should think what is interesting in employer’s offer and also what you can expect from the company concerning career development, work environment and remuneration. These issues should be carefully considered before the interview and also help in answering the question about motivation, which was mentioned earlier. It is recommended to be prepared before each job interview, so that representatives of the company would see a real candidate for the job, and not another applicant.

Knowledge of own career

It is worth to review your resume again. Some facts from the previous career / studies may have been already forgotten. Going through the CV will help in answering questions from the representatives of the employer. You may also consider potential questions and prepare some answers.

In order to be prepared better I would like to introduce some practical guidelines for the preparation and behavior during the conversation.

Important Tips

Despite the fact that dress is not the most important during the interview, we should pay attention to it. For an interview for a professional position, dress accordingly in business attire. Many times the first impression is crucial and may influence the whole conversation. Clean and neat dress means that the candidate is serious about the job and is prepared for the meeting. Business casual, which is jacket imposed on a t-shirt, consider to be the proper option for the job interview. Very important may be details proven neatness: clean shoes, well-tied tie, clean and neat nails.

It is strongly advisable to prepare clothes day before interview whether take care of proper sleep. That would help avoid morning panic and unnecessary stress. After a quiet night and previous preparations, the day in which you have planned interview should not be stressful.

Ladies should note that their makeup is not too provocative and flashy. It is important also not to use strong-smelling perfume. People who smoke should not smoke directly before the meeting. Absolutely you should avoid drinking alcohol.

Non-verbal communication

During the meeting watch your body language, be open and smile. Do not present closed position characterized by crossed arms or legs. For people participating in a conversation is a clear sign of the embarrassment and discomfort of the candidate.

Of course you should not behave too freely. Behaviors such as stretching, crossing your legs or hands behind the head can be seen as an expression of disrespect for the other person. It is also important to take control of impulses, which may indicate the nerves. Throughout the conversation, eye contact with the person leading interview should be maintained, which demonstrates the interest and serious approach.

Verbal communication

As mentioned earlier, the questions asked by the recruiter are mainly related to prior experience, and in the case of graduates related to knowledge acquired during internships or education. Answers should be sincere, without unnecessary exaggeration but also remeber not to sell yourself short. You should remember that at any moment the answers can be verified, if not during the interview, than certainly while working but with the negative consequences for the company. An unflattering opinion about the candidates may cause difficulties in finding new job whether block the possibility of career development.

Describing reasons why you choose particular employer appear to be the best answer for the question concerning previously held positions or chosen education. In case of graduates why you chose this school / college / department / specialization. Your answer should include also information about the position held with details about duties and responsibilities. In case of graduates appropriate would be description of known theories, technology or practical knowledge acquired during internships. Definitely candidate should avoid perfunctory answers like “yes” or “no”.

People, who already have work experience in a particular industry, should present the most important projects in which they participated. For fresh graduates essential will be presentation of the scientific projects that they were involved in.

Sooner or later you need to be prepared for question about motivation to work in a given company.
The typical formulas of professional and personal development should be absolutely avoid. Even if these are the reasons why you would like to work in a particular company.

Answering these questions you should underline specific directions for development that is important for you, whether the newest technology that is being used by the company. Be more precise and present your knowledge about the company. Show that you made effort to update information about the employer. Definitely avoid identifying finance as main motivation to apply for the job. Responding to questions about soft skills support answers with specific examples.
While describing your previous professional career or courses during the study, never badmouth your previous employer. In case of graduates it might be disrespectful opinions about people conducting classes. There are several reasons why you should follow this rule. First of all, loyalty to employer is valued in the labor market. Therefore, a person smearing former employer could potentially be a source of bad reviews about the company in the future. Secondly, especially in technical fields with narrow specializations, people even working in different companies, know each other. Therefore, it may happen that when we express our unflattering opinion about someone during the interview, one of the person conducting conversation could be his friend.

Questions to the employer

Based on company description and information included in the job offer candidate should prepare questions that he would like to ask during the interview. All of them need to be related with specific issues that are interesting for you. Appropriate questions could be connected with career path, possible directions of development, system training, cooperation with companies / foreign departments. It is worth to prepare a set of questions especially that during the interview some of them will be answered. During the interview you should avoid questions about the salary. We also know from experience that for many candidates answer to the question about financial expectations may cause problems.

How to prepare to answer about financial expectation?

There are three possible ways to find information about possible salary at a given position. Firstly, friends and colleagues working in a similar company or industry. Secondly, searching for similar offers where salary range will be included. On this basis you can prepare your answer. Thirdly, industry forums, oil and gas job sites offer salary survey and contacts on LinkedIn are usually very willing to provide information on the subject. However, if your search turned out to be unsuccessful, it is best to wait for an offer from the company.

As my final point, I would like to draw attention to one fact. It may look that till now we discussed just obvious and insignificant matters. But they may be crucial to the result of recruitment, due to the fact that usually more candidates apply for the position. From this group, the employer will chooses the best one. In case candidates represent a similar level, crucial for final decision may be just such trivia as spelling or grammatical errors in your resume, missed call or messy look.

Job search is a time-consuming process and can often lead to discouragement. Nevertheless, participation in recruitment processes gives a new experience that helps to eliminate previous mistakes and finally can help in successful end of the recruitment process. I wish that for all of you job interview will be valuable experience.

Aleksandra Grodzka

Recruitment Consultant of Fair Recruitment



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CV is prepared so Let’s Find Job!

CV is prepared so Let’s Find Job!

Second step: Priceless tips HOW TO APPLY  from Fair Recruitment Experts!


 Read – use – achieve success!

In previous part >LINK< we presented, in hopefully easy way, how to prepare a proper resume/CV. Before moving forward, I would like to recap the most important points. CV is your business card in contacts with potential employers, so the layout should be clear and transparent. All relevant information should be visible with contact data on top, information about employment and education in reverse chronological order and with no mistakes, even those grammatical and spelling. The resume should provide as much as possible detailed information about your educational background and, if applicable, work experience. Having a well prepared CV allows you to start looking for job.


Visiting different internet forums, I came across many posts saying „I sent my CV to hundreds of companies with no result. There’s no hope, I will find job”. Working in recruitment company for some time, I received numerous CVs sent just for the purpose of being sent or sent for completely non related positions. That is absolutely wrong strategy, especially for young person, entering professional market. It can create a sense of powerlessness, feeling of being lost, which may even cause depression. While starting search for job, you should prepare yourself and equip in lot of patience. First of all, you should realize, what type of job you are looking for? Such a simple thing, but it helps a lot. With such knowledge, you are able to pick the right channels of getting with your resume to potential employer.

I think, that for engineering graduates, there are four sources of job offers:

– University Career Centres– more and more companies are reaching for best graduates or students through career centres. That is why, you should check adverts on regular basis. There you may also find information about possible career fairs. It is worth participating in career fairs because it is an opportunity of meeting employees of the company and getting detailed information of the proposed positions. During the fairs, employers and agencies present current vacancies. If the list of participants includes interesting companies, you should go there. Get few copies of your CV to give them to company representatives. Do not give it to all of them. Only those of interest.

– Corporate Websites– even during studies you should follow news from the industry you are interested in. While reading them, you should check company career websites whether there are any openings, that could be of interest. Usually corporations have separate career sites directed to students and graduates. They offer some information about possible paths of professional development, apprenticeship/graduate programmes, and finally list of basic requirements for applicants. Human Resources or Recruitment departments have also separate email addresses for graduates, so you could send your resume (and other required documents if necessary). However, before sending your application, you should check requirements. Same applies in case of application for specific position. If your knowledge, experience and qualifications match the requirements, send resume. In case they don’t, then you can always register yourself at company’s CV database. After submitting your CV in such database, you can expect company representative to contact you in case of openings matching your qualifications.

Professional Job sites– these are professionally oriented websites created for separate industries. Especially in case of oil and gas, such sites are a good option for searching for suitable vacancy. They are used both by employers as well as recruitment agencies, because they are good source of candidates. In most occasions, such website has also its own CV database. Therefore, it is good to create a profile, providing as much information as possible, allowing either company or agency recruiter to find you. One important issue, is that the profile and CV should be updates regularly.The most important sites with jobs offer for oil and gas are:

-Recruitment agencies– it is very tempting for me to include recruitment agency as source of job offers. However, agencies usually work on behalf of clients, who are looking for particular skills and experience and it is rather hard to find offers for graduates. Nevertheless, there are some companies, that leave complete recruitment process to agents including graduate and junior positions. So, you can check agency websites from time to time. You can also submit your CV in their databases and continuously update it.

-Social networks– being very popular lately, social networks became not only a place to meet new friends and maintain contact with existing ones. They became powerful tools for companies and recruiters in search for new candidates. Among all networks, Linked In stands out as the most professional site in the web. With ca. 250 mln of unique users, it creates probably the largest career website. There are more than 5000 groups dedicated to oil and gas industry. Usual criteria for choosing groups is the number of members. The larger number is an indication that the group is “alive” and there are many interesting discussions, in which you could take part. However, some groups are run by administrators of professional job sites and present only job offers. It is wise to keep balance between pure job oriented groups and those, where professionals meet and share opinions.

Most important is the fact, that social networks not only allow recruiters to look for candidates but also create chances for candidates to „meet” their potential employer. While looking for someone to contact, we advise you to look for someone that is responsible for graduate recruitment. It saves time and you will have opportunity to get the fresh news from interesting company. However, in order to increase your chances of getting employed, you should be more visible in the network.

Just one important note, corporate websites, professional job sites, agencies and social networking sites have one thing in common. You are requested to create a profile. The rules are very similar to all three types of websites, so the ones described below, will be applicable to all sources.


As mentioned above, Linked In is a great tool for both sides of recruitment process. Daily, hundreds of recruiters check thousands of profiles in their search for the right candidate. At the same time, thousands of candidates check updates from corporate profiles or recruiters.
In order to help recruiter in finding you, you have to create a good profile, which will be visible. Information provided in the profile should be, similarly to profile on the job site, as specific as possible. Creating a Linked In profile is very easy as you are guided step by step through all fields. In short, the profile should be similar to resume and all rules from previous article apply, including photo.

Good LI profile, apart from typical resume has also other features, that are important. First of all, „Summary”. It is space, where you should put a short but descriptive information about your background, knowledge and experience. It will be explained in further part, why the profile is important. Secondly, the contact list. It is always well seen, when your contact list is not restricted to your colleagues but it also contains names of industry specialists. It really does look professional. Additionally, through your contacts, you have chance to be up to date with industry news as well as information about available vacancies. Your contacts may also become a good source of information about company culture, possible development and other things, that might be interesting. Third important issue: recommendations. In case you had been involved in extracurricular duties, have some work experience (not necessarily within the industry), you can always ask for written opinion from other participant. Obviously, it always looks better, when such opinion is written by direct supervisor than colleague, but the latter also count. One important thing is that while asking someone for recommendation, you should be prepared to write similar references for this person. Linked In gives you also chance to strengthen the profile through skills endorsements. After adding key skills to your profile each of your contacts will have opportunity to „vote” for one of the skills or even propose new skill. In simple words, skills and skills endorsements are the keywords for Linked In search engine. So choose your skills carefully as they will be guidelines for recruiters during their search.

Last but not least method for being visible in the Linked In network are discussions. Especially those touching areas of your professional interest. Taking part or starting new discussions will help your profile to be viewed by other users, which should lead to new contacts with new colleagues, experienced professionals and finally with recruiters.

All above features such as well prepared profile, recommendations, skills endorsements and discussions can be described as rather passive methods of using Linked In as job searching tool. Below, I will try to show, how actively use the network for your purposes.


 As everybody knows, social networking is based on interactions and same rule applies to Linked In. In addition to being visible, network encourages you to actively look for job. Job offers can be found in form of formal job adverts as well as job discussions in groups. You can use site’s search engine to look for interesting vacancies. By following profiles of interesting companies, you will be informed about updates, including available openings, on regular basis. Linked In allows users to apply directly.

You can also get in touch with people directly responsible for recruitment for companies. In the early stages of your professional career, I would advise contacting company recruiters, so called in-house recruiters. Usual names of their positions would be recruiter, talent development specialist/manager etc. These people should be among your contacts, but do not think about them only as addressees of your applications. They can also serve as source of information about the company, its culture, strategy. Moreover, in case you would be interested in specific project or company activity, they should be able to direct you to person responsible for or working on the chosen subject. First and foremost, do not be afraid of getting in touch with such people, both recruiters and line engineers/managers. They can really help you.

Obviously, while getting involved in networking you should not forget about your colleagues and friends in real life. Especially those already working within the industry. Oil and gas sector is a pretty closed one and many vacancies are filled through personal recommendations without even being announced. So, if you know someone already working in oil and gas, get in touch with them. It worth reminding them about yourself adding that you are actively looking for job, so they could help if possible. There is also one more argument, why you should stay in touch with colleagues in real life. It is growing number of companies rewarding their employees for recommendations, meaning that employee who recommends candidate gets financial reward in case the candidate gets employed. We all agree, that getting such recommendation from person knowing us in real world is much easier and such cooperation may work for both sides.

Through preparation of profile as well as active search, you may receive an invitation to take part in recruitment process. In such case, candidates usually send the prepared pack of documents and wait for response. Sometimes, not even realizing, that such pack can be the beginning of the end of their participation in recruitment process.


One of the worst things that can happen to recruiter is an email with attachments ca. 10 megabytes. There are scans of diplomas, certificates, passports as well as other qualifications. And somewhere among them is one small file, which is most important, the resume.

No matter, whether you apply through company database, job site, networking site or recruitment agency, always try to find information about required documents and stick to this list. One of the most common mistakes are cover letters attached to applications. The problem are not the cover letters themselves but their form. Usually candidates use one template and forward it with application for each position they are interested in. Moreover, some candidates do not change the name of position they apply for or even use the wrong name of company. This is the worst thing that can happen. If, by any chance recruiter goes through such cover letter, he instantly knows, that this is one of the hundred applications sent by the candidate. For recruiter it is sign, that the candidate is not really interested in certain position. Therefore, if required the cover letter should be prepared for specific position and addressed to the right company. That is why, in order to save time, you should check, if the document is required. If not, simply do not send it.

When the company wants to receive application with cover letter, then again, similar to resume, it is worth to spend some time while preparing it. First of all, it should have proper form with headers. In the beginning you should clearly explain for which position you apply for. The best way for it is to copy the name of position with reference number. Following part of the document should be a short presentation of your skills, starting with the most important ones, professional attributes. Ending with social skills as well as explanation, what motivates you to apply for this particular position. The form of cover letter should not exceed one A4 page, including all headers and signature. Simply, it should be a brief presentation of yourself, that would catch recruiter’s eye. Good cover letter should underline experience and qualifications required by the job, so the recruiter could read about them before checking the resume.

I repeat once more, a good cover letter should be written in relevance to the job description of position you apply for. In first instance, you should check the duties and requirements for candidates. Based on them, the letter should contain most important arguments behind your candidacy for that particular position. The letter should also show your knowledge of the company. Therefore, before writing it, spend some time reading about the firm, technologies used and projects in order to reflect this knowledge in the letter. Thanks to that, your letter will be a clear signal of interest in this specific company and this particular position.

In case the cover letter is not required, but you really want to send it, please try to stop yourself, as you can see from above, writing such letter is time consuming. You can always transfer the cover letter into the text of email with your application form/resume. This is what we call summary. The main difference between the cover letter and summary is that summary is more specific and technically oriented. Especially in engineers recruitment, people responsible for it, would rather see the experience and qualifications matching the job instead of baroque sentences. Therefore, as mentioned in case of Linked In profile, it is good to prepare summary as short information about experience, qualifications and specific skills. Second difference is that summary is more general as it is not designed for one particular position and it can be used as part of Linked In profile. Thanks to summary, you will have chance to strengthen your application without sending unnecessary documents.

All above information should serve as guidelines for searching the job. Starting with right places to look for work, through improving visibility, ending with selection and preparation of additional information for recruiters. Equipped with such knowledge, you should be able to find interesting position and apply for it. It is possible, that this time, you would receive an email or phone call from company, inviting you for meeting.

I wish to take this opportunity, to wish you Merry Christmas and happy New Year on behalf of myself and my colleagues from Fair Recruitment.

Pawel Wodka

Recruitment Consultant of Fair Recruitment



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Ask Fair Recruitment Expert!

Ask Fair Recruitment Expert!



– you feel uprepared for your first interview…

–  you are full of doubts about CV, covering letter, required skills etc…

– you are  tired of seeking everything on the internet where is too much inconsistent information…



ASK Fair Recruitment Expert! 

Questions should be sent to fr@youngpetro.org

Questions & answers will be published in YoungPetro Magazine!



How to write Oil & Gas Graduate CV?

How to write Oil & Gas Graduate CV?

Step first: Priceless tips about preparing CV from Fair Recruitment Experts!


 Read – use – achieve success!

There are thousands of publications available in the web advising on how to write good CV. However, in many cases tips are different and mutually exclusive.I think that main reason behind these differences is the fact that the one, good CV form for all, does not exist. Depending on seniority level, type of work or sector, employers require specific forms of CV. For me good CV is a successful one and the success is when after sending the CV to employer, candidate is invited for job interview. Professional Curriculum Vitae is the first impression you make on your potential employer and for this reason, it is worth to put some effort to make it as good as possible.

In this article, I would like to present on how to write a CV for oil & gas and engineering graduates.

Before you start

As mentioned, the CV is the first impression of your person for employer. It is also the first step in whole recruitment process. Therefore, before making it, the most important and key aspect is to check relevance of your knowledge and experience to requirements set by the employer. I strongly recommend, that before applying for particular position, you should compare the Job Description with your own resume. If you decide, that your background and skills are close to that expected by employer, my advice can be only one- apply!

CV Layout

During our meetings with students and graduates, many of them ask us how to make that CV will be more visible to potential employers. Usually, they ask about specific graphic forms and extras. That is wrong direction. Strange and unique graphic forms of CV, various colors, large photos and different fonts do not help your CV in any way.
Certainly, such kind of decorative CV may help if you are applying for creative jobs like graphic designer or marketing/PR specialist but, it is not suitable for oil and gas professionals or engineering graduates at all. More importantly, such unspecific CV may even be the reason of rejection as some recruiters may see it as signal that candidate does not follow the rules, which in case of oil and gas are very important, if not crucial.

Considering the amount of time and money invested in training to transform fresh graduates into profitable employees, it is understandable that recruiters look for candidates aware of their goals, willing to stay with company as long as possible.
I think, that it is worth to follow few simple rules as CV of oil and gas graduate should be visible not because of layout but because of content. The most important principles are simplicity and transparency, therefore we advise use of verified forms of CV layout as these are also used by recruiters, especially within technical recruitment area.

The most important issues, you should keep in mind before sending application documents for chosen position:

 –  Spelling and grammatical mistakes should be absolutely avoided. Such omissions suggest that you do not pay attention to details and are first sign of your negligence. Such mistakes may cause a lot more questions from recruiters during interview or in worst case scenario, be the reason for rejection. Therefore, we advise to read the printed CV few times before sending it. It is also worth to ask a friend to read it in order to find all mistakes.

– Photo, in general there are couple theories regarding this topic. One of them says that appropriate picture added to resume helps in remembering the candidate and reduces the distance between recruiter and candidate during either phone or face to face interview. The recruiter has impression that he knows the person, at least by sight. On the other hand, you really do not know who screens your CV and what impression it can make on this person. Certainly, funny, naked and holiday photos should not be a part of professional CV. If you think that your photo can make positive impression on person reading the CV, feel free to add it, if not there is no need for that. For example, in Fair Recruitment all Cvs forwarded to our clients are without any photos in order to provide equal chances to all candidates who are considered in particular recruitment process. The only exception is when employer requires Cvs to have photo included, which is quite popular in case of offshore companies.

– Contact data should be on top of the CV. You should provide all telephone/mobile numbers and email addresses. As to emails, funny email addresses may create negative impression. While using funny, private e-mail, it is worth creating different one to use while sending applications and for other professional activities. Following scheme can be useful: first name initial + surname or last name, which is close to model used by companies. It definitely looks better than your nickname. As to residential address, it is not mandatory but from our perspective it is worth to add it because sooner or later during the recruitment process, employer will ask about it. When you are looking for the job in company which is located in the city where you live at the moment, it could be additional advantage. Remember, that in case of two or more similar Cvs, the employer will consider candidates’ location as additional criteria in favor of local candidate.

– Information about employment or educational record should be arranged in reverse chronological order. This is standard, period. Any other form of providing information in resume may result in omitting of relevant information

– Using the same font guarantees that CV will look the same on all computers.

File format also should be common. The best at the moment are .doc and .pdf. We do not recommend the newest version of MS Word because there are chances that some companies do not use this software. While sending your resume to recruitment agency, do not use secured .pdf. Usually agencies use own CV Layout and need to convert your CV, so it must be easy to edit.

I think that based on above information you should not have any problems avoiding most common mistakes regarding the form of CV. Now I would like to present the most important issue,

The content of graduate CV:

Education should be described in details. You need to put information about name of university, major, specialization. In case of university career, as long as it is related to the job you apply for, it is worth to put information about relevant courses and master thesis topic. In case of earlier education, information about school is sufficient and there is no need to describe high school courses in details. The only exception to that rule is, when you finished technical college or trade school with profile relevant to industry sector.

– Definitely including information about Grade Point Average is a good idea. Employers always look for the best students and good GPA can be the key factor influencing employer’s decision. Question about GPA score is one of the most popular in case of graduate recruitment, so sooner or later you will be asked about it. I think that it is worth to also include diploma examination grade, the diploma thesis grade and master thesis diploma. Usually they are higher than GPA and can make a good impression.

Language knowledge is essential for employers. Despite the fact that knowledge of English is a standard, its level should be described precisely. You can use standard gradation like fluent, advanced, intermediate or use the The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages which is popular mainly in continental Europe. Information about level of technical English and any other foreign languages you know, will be also highly appreciated and may be decisive for recruiter’s decision.

– Apprenticeship while studying is a very important factor, influencing employers’ decisions of inviting candidate for the interview. Therefore, we recommended to include such information in CV. Please remember to include information about your responsibilities during the apprenticeship, company name and other data, which might be useful for potential employer.

– Participation in extracurricular activities and courses. It is perfect when such activities are in the line with the job offer or company business.

– Participation in student associations, scientific societies, conferences. Together with apprenticeships, extracurricular activities and courses, conferences are the signal for the employer that candidate is interested in the sector and willing to learn.

– Specific software or methodology knowledge. If during studies or through extracurricular activities you acquire knowledge about specific software or methodology, it has to be visible in the CV. However, the information should also be specific about the level of knowledge. During interview, the recruiter will ask about it and therefore it is better to provide detailed information beforehand, so you would not be surprised by questions about the software/methodology relevant, to let’s say, proficient level.

– In case of some work experience connected to the industry, it is essential to describe all responsibilities. In case of holiday work or part time job, which is not connected with our education, it is worth to briefly inform about it. Generally all employers like hardworking peoples.

All these rules have one in common, Curriculum Vitae has to be true. Apart from obvious ethical reasons, you should remember, that all information provided in resume can be easily verified either during interview or through references check. Therefore, you should estimate your knowledge and skills in particular subjects. It is much better to lack some skills and confess to it, than lying about their knowledge.

Just imagine situation: your resume says, that your English is fluent however, during interview it turns out to be basic or pre-intermediate. The first thought of company representative would be “if for that candidate this is fluent English, I do not even want to know what intermediate means in other topics”

I hope that presentation of most important issues related to writing good CV will be helpful. Starting with relevance check, through layout and content, ending on spelling and grammar all above information form a basic compendium for those making the first step in their professional career. Based on my advice, you should be able to create resume that will catch recruiter’s attention and you will be invited for interview. However, our practice shows, that even the best CV does not guarantee such invitation in case of each recruitment process. Nevertheless, you should stay positive and keep trying, especially, that oil and gas industry is very close to face the problem of growing demand for professionals. Wishing you all the best!

Jakub Pawłaszek

Managing Director of Fair Recruitment


If you have any questions to Fair Recruitment Experts – please send it to


They will give you further advices!

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