<a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/03/06/how-is-it-possible-to-produce-oil-from-sand/"><b>How is it possible to produce oil from sand?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2011/10/09/people-engineers-and-spe-members/"><b>People, Engineers and SPE Members</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/19/if-i-were-a-prime-minister/"><b>If I Were a Prime Minister…</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/26/polish-shales-delayed/"><b>Polish shales delayed?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/01/11/russia-continues-the-policy-of-states-companies-monopoly/"><b>Russia continues the policy of state companies’ monopoly</b></a>

Fracking foes call for a halt to fracking in California

Fracking foes call for a halt to fracking in California

May 30, 2013 in San Francisco – Protests outside of the Hiram W. Johnson State Office Building against fracking in California – Dozens of protesters with the group Californians Against Fracking staged a protest outside of California Gov. Jerry Brown’s San Francisco offices demanding that Gov. Brown ban fracking in the state. They have formed a united front, calling for a halt to the controversial oil-industry practice. Moreover, they are trying to push a reluctant Gov. Jerry Brown — who has not yet taken a position on fracking — off the fence.

A new coalition of environmental groups, Californians Against Fracking, demand that Brown ban hydraulic fracturing in the state by delivering petitions signed by more than 100,000 people. “Fracking pollution threatens our air and water and Gov. Brown’s legacy as an environmental leader,” said Rose Braz, with the Center for Biological Diversity. Fracking — process that involves pumping pressurized water, sand and chemicals underground to crack rocks has revolutionized oil and natural gas production in the United States. But it has not yet taken off in California, even though the state holds what could be the nation’s largest oil-bearing shale formation. It has been blamed for tainting water supplies and worsening air pollution in another regions, although the industry insists that those fears are vastly overblown.

A study released earlier this year by the University of Southern California forecast that developing the shale could bring California $24.6 billion in new tax revenue by 2020. The California Senate, meanwhile, passed a bill by Sen. Fran Pavley, D-Agoura Hills, (Los Angeles County) that would allow fracking to continue while a risk-assessment study was conducted. If the state did not complete the study by 2015, all fracking in the state would come to a halt.

The whole article you can find on:
Fracking foes push California governor for ban | FUEL FIX

What do you think about this situation and what is your opinion about fracking? Share with us your opinion.

Photo by Food & Water Watch – California

Shale gas utterly changed the American gas market – how about Polish?

Shale gas utterly changed the American gas market – how about Polish?

Within four years, the heating costs in the USA declined by half, thanks to the shale gas extraction. This situation may happen to Poland as well, but on a minor scale, due to disparities in the  extraction costs.

Lower natural gas prices have attracted many investors to the USA, mainly in the chemistry business bringing multibillion investments in  chemical factories, for  which the natural gas is the main source of energy. Experts claim that the shale gas revolution in Poland may be less successful, because of the high drilling costs. Execution of a borehole in the USA costs about USD 8-9 million. Polish company PGNiG claims that these costs, including the process of fracturing, oscillate between USD  10-15 million. The main reasons behind this disparity include: a more intricate geological structure and more stringent environmental restrictions in Poland. In Europe there is a shortage of drilling devices, countries are more densely populated and shale gas deposits lay much deeper than in the USA.

In the USA and Canada, 400 thousand exploratory and extractive wells have been executed so far.  Each costed between USD 3,5 and 9 million. In Poland, to date, only 33 exploratory boreholes have been started, with the total cost under  USD 1 billion. The Ministry of the Environment claims that by the year 2021, further 309 drilling wells will have been executed(128 for sure and additional 181 optionally, depending on the investors).

So, do you think Poland can achieve such a successful results in future? What will it depend on? Share your opinion with us.