<a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/03/06/how-is-it-possible-to-produce-oil-from-sand/"><b>How is it possible to produce oil from sand?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2011/10/09/people-engineers-and-spe-members/"><b>People, Engineers and SPE Members</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/19/if-i-were-a-prime-minister/"><b>If I Were a Prime Minister…</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/26/polish-shales-delayed/"><b>Polish shales delayed?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/01/11/russia-continues-the-policy-of-states-companies-monopoly/"><b>Russia continues the policy of state companies’ monopoly</b></a>
 

Successful gas extraction in Poland

Successful gas extraction in Poland

For over a month Lane Energy Poland produces shale gas in Lebien LE1 near Lebork, Northern Poland. Although amounts of gas are not yet commercial, it is the biggest extraction from shales in Europe reaching 8000 cubic metres per day.

“This is very good news for Poland and European oil geology,” said Piotr Wozniak, Polish chief geologist.

Lingering legislation procedures and withdrawal of three international firms from race of Polish shale sow dissent in society and disbelief in prospects of energy independence. This information may bring back spirit and high hopes.

The Polish Geological Institute estimates the country’s shale gas resources to 768 billion cubic metres, making them one of the largest on the continent.

Source:
Poland’s shale gas hopes buoyed by promising test output || REUTERS

 

photos: 3Legs Resources

An Interview with Mr Maciej Librant – Petroleum Geo-Services

An Interview with Mr Maciej Librant – Petroleum Geo-Services

The first guest of YoungPetro’s Ask Me Anything column is Mr Maciej Librant, Petroleum Geo-Services geophysicist. Together with AGH UST Students Association “Geophone” we were honoured to organise a meeting with this land and marine seismic specialist.

YoungPetro: Tell us about your first steps in the industry.

Maciej Librant: Just after my postgraduate geophysics studies at the AGH UST I was working for three years mainly in the Sahara Desert engaging in land seismic. I was responsible for correct and accurate work of data collecting equipment. Then I got an offer from CGGVeritas to join them. The whole recruitment procedure was undoubtedly curious. It covered a conversation with psychologist in Geneva and two meetings in Paris. Eventually, I rejected it due to conditions of this proposition. I wanted to be at home more frequently. Hopefully, I encountered a headhunter from PGS, passed the interview in Krakow, signed a contract and that’s how I’ve been practising an extremely interesting job for 5 years.

YP: What’s PGS and what are your main responsibilities?

M.L.: Petroleum Geo-Services is a multinational company headquartered in Norway which operates marine seismic in vast regions of the World. It holds both offshore and onshore data processing facilities.
We work in 12/12 system (twelve hours of work and twelve of rest and recreation which can be spent variously – at the gym and other onboard leisure, but mainly on sleep). Currently I swim in the North Sea on PGS Apollo vessel that has in its equipment maximum of 12 streamers. We take seismic images using air guns and dynamite as a source of seismic waves. Waves after reflection under the seabed are received by hydrophones which are part of 10 cables of total 8 kilometres long (approximately 5 miles). The next step is seismic record check based on special software able to display and filter seismic data in many ways.  My other responsibilities are usually linked with IT problems. I have to cope with overloading of the system. Generally I have to admit that PGS is a very serious business that takes care of its employees and guarantees support in need.

YP: What are your favourite activities onboard?

M.L.: From time to time when weather is fine we have motorboats training. They’re not compulsory but clearly give  me a lot of fun, provide steering course on different propulsion boats, and give me breath from daily routine.

YP: Summer’s issue topic is women in the industry. How does a female geophysicist meet such difficult and extreme conditions onshore and offshore?

M.L.: Very well! Actually I have to admit that women are often better than men, despite the conditions. For 2 years I had a female boss – an extraordinarily talented specialist. There was also a situation when my coworker got pregnant, therefore she could no more work on ship. Although she was so good at her job she got an offer from PGS to work remotely via Internet. At her home whole initial data processing system was installed. That’s how she could combine maternity with work. In our profession gender doesn’t matter.

YP: What incredible stories could you tell us?

M.L.: The most eeriness thing on the ship was dynamite. Naturally it’s very unstable but effective, that’s why it is still in use in land seismic. But when air guns didn’t exist or were uncommon it was successfully applied offshore. Rarely  uncontrolled explosions happened onboard. But as far as I know no one got hurt also property losses weren’t so enormous. The most unfortunate situation I have experienced was the entanglement of measurement cables. The whole crew with no exceptions for 12 hours a day and one and a half week had dragged partially cables out of the sea and unknotted them. It was terribly tedious and harsh work. Working on a seismic ship demands responsibility. If we make a mistake, the whole measurement might go wrong and that’s a loss for the company. The time of a usual trip is 5 weeks on a ship. Weather conditions do not pamper you – storms, unfavorable currents. And if little marine creatures called barnacles would pin to cables and measurement apparatus you have to remove them manually at sea. It’s bound with cessation of normal operations. The job necessitate fortitude, but most of all it’s incredibly fascinating.

YP: Do you have any advice for future geophysicists you could share?

M.L.: First of all if you have some problems with English – do not hesitate. It’s an international language and language of the industry. Its knowledge is equally important as basics of the mathematics in regular life. Being operational in Linux at least at the same level as in Windows system is superbly useful. All of computing programmes are open-source, thus it would help you resolve IT problems. Never forget to sleep and eat properly. It gives you essential power for the next effective day. Overworking is not an option because it lowers your abilities. You have to count in working more than 6 months a year remote from your home. It’s good to be a positive man to overcome such separation.

YP: Would you choose the same path of career if you could?

M.L.: It’s philosophical question and the answer depends on perspective you look at every pros and cons of such a job. As a confirmed and subjective optimist I can frankly say that this career gave me a lot of adventures some might read about only in books. I would remember the service for my whole life.

YP: At the end maybe could you partake some trivia about Petroleum Geo-Services?

M.L.: PGS has by this time unbeaten the Guinness World Record in the biggest object moving on the Earth category. It’s our vessel with a dozen or so eight kilometers cables. Crazy, isn’t it? Just as crazy as people who work here. Enthusiastic companionship with whom you will never be bored.

YP: Thank you very much for this conversation. I hope you unveiled to our readers some mysteries of your work. Comment and share it!

The United States to start fuelling the World

The United States to start fuelling the World

Federal government authorities agreed on global export of American natural gas. This essential decision gets historic importance in energy market diversification.

Freeport LNG, Texas may be the first facility eligible to become full played liquefying  and shipping terminal in the United States as if Energy Department reviews its application. Terminal was built four years ago and now modified for total $10 billion. Freeport LNG’s management has already concluded preliminary agreements with Japaneese Chubu Electric Power and Osaka Gas and also with BP. Initial overseas exports could start this Summer.

“This incremental, thoughtful approach supports an increased level of natural gas production and adds certainty for domestic manufacturers who seek to invest in the U.S. and grow jobs,” Dow Chemical Co. management said.

Authorities set limit of 1.4 billion cubic feet daily shipping over the next 20 years. More than 10 companies by this time requested  permission to export US-produced natural gas. Decision threatens European gas monopolist and might change everyday life of EU citizens.

Feds give Texas project license to broadly export LNG || Fuelfix

CORRECTION:

“ConocoPhillips does not have liquefaction capacity as part of this newly announced export licensing. ConocoPhillips is a managing partner in the Freeport LNG facility and has import capacity.
ConocoPhillips has a long-term agreement with Freeport LNG Development, L.P. to utilize 0.9  BCFD of regasification capacity at Freeport’s 1.5  BCFD LNG receiving terminal in Quintana, Texas. The terminal became operational in 2008. In order to deliver natural gas from the Freeport Terminal to market, ConocoPhillips constructed a 32-mile, 42-inch pipeline from the terminal to a point near Iowa Colony, Texas. Market conditions currently favor the flow of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to European and Asian markets; therefore, the company’s near-to-mid-term utilization of the terminal and the pipeline is expected to be limited to LNG storage and related activities.” We are utterly sorry for any misconceptions.

Talisman Energy may withdraw from Poland

Talisman Energy may withdraw from Poland

Yesterday’s announcement made clear that Talisman Energy is changing its policy on Polish shales. After ExxonMobil it would be the second player recalculating shale resources unfavourably for Poland’s economy.

“Talisman Energy is changing its operation strategies for the coming years as the result of changes on the oil and gas market,” said Tomasz Gryzewski, director at Talisman Energy Poland

“Divestment options, including in Poland, are being considered. The management will release its decisions together with first-quarter results,” he said.

Since 2010 Calgary-based Talisman Energy holds 60% of three shale concessions in Pomerania. Possible divestment would probably mean Polish entrepreneur taking Canadian place.

What’s your opinion about Polish shale prospects? Fell free to comment at out facebook profile

Canada’s Talisman Energy says may quit Poland shale gas || Reuters

Royal Dutch Suspends Arctic Drilling in 2013

Royal Dutch Suspends Arctic Drilling in 2013

Recent announcement from Shell claims to pause offshore drilling in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas following series of accidents. In result two drillships are being transported for repairs and would not be able to be done this year.

“We’ve made progress in Alaska, but this is a long-term programme that we are pursuing in a safe and measured way,” said  Marvin Odum, Director, Upstream Americas.  “Our decision to pause in 2013 will give us time to ensure the readiness of all our equipment and people following the drilling season in 2012.”

What is worth to consider ships were damaged in movement, not while drilling. Kulluk’s hull has undergone from heavy storm, Noble Discoverer suffered from explosion and fire in port.

“This pause — and it is only a pause in a multiyear drilling program that will ultimately provide great benefits both to the state of Alaska and the nation as a whole — is necessary for Shell to repair its ships and make the necessary updates to its exploration plans that will ensure a safe return to exploration soon,” Ms. Murkowski, Republican Senator from Alaska said in a statement.

How do you feel about Arctic offshore drilling?

With 2 Ships Damaged, Shell Suspends Arctic Drilling || NYTimes

Shell announces pause in Alaska drilling programme || Shell

Photo: gCaptain Forum // Alamy

Shell – the LNG King

Shell – the LNG King

Although it is enormously hard nowadays to acquire operating L.N.G. installations, Royal Dutch Shell recently made lucrative deal with Repsol which puts its assets ahead of Western L.N.G. competitors. The $6 billion deal will amount approximately 30 percent of Shell’s L.N.G. supplies (up to 6.6 million tons of gas) and increase its influence in Canada, Caribbean and South America.

This concludes decreasing Repsol’s financial burden with more than $4 billion in cash and $2 billion in assumed debt, which is crucial for Spaniards after nationalisation of YPF by Argentinian government.

Shell states deal would allow them to add $1 billion net income annually. “Shell’s worldwide L.N.G. supply position and customer base means we are uniquely positioned to add value to Repsol’s L.N.G. portfolio” Peter Voser, Shell’s chief executive, said in a statement.

More information at:
NYTimes
Bloomberg

Image: Canaport LNG

Eni bets and Eni wins

Eni bets and Eni wins

Latest discoveries and purchases made Eni the biggest shareholder of oil and natural gas fields in East Africa increasing their resources from 30 to 68 trillion m³. The Italian giant is about to operate most of Mozambique offshore findings. Remote and unstable areas with almost none infrastructural bases are risky for development. But without risk there is no reward. That troublesome region is not the first and last in which Eni have taken part.

Eni thrives in North Africa. Thanks to executives politics they survived Libyan civil war and came along smoothly. Italians plan to explore Barents Sea and Black Sea together with Rosneft. And what might be extremely prosperous – Chinese mainland shale gas formations, for which Eni signed a deal with China National Petroleum Corp.

As Mr Scaroni said “We are preparing the balance sheet to be ready to develop all the discoveries we have made” there is nothing to do but to wish them good luck and wave of prospects.

For more specific information switch to:
New York Times
Seeking Alpha

photo: REUTERS, offshoreenergytoday.com