Drilling Into A Volcano in Iceland

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Iceland is known for its ability to produce renewable energy which covers 100% of energy demand. The largest share is geothermal and hydropower energy whereas fossil fuels are still in use but this share is constantly declining. What stands behind such good statistics, it is definitely Iceland’s unique geology which makes it fairly cheap to produce energy from a variety of natural sources. Recently, a massive drill project, named “Thor” has been in the spotlight.

Actually, drilling into volcano is an incentive that brings one’s attention. A depth has reached 4,659 kilometers and is expected to generate up to 10 times more energy than conventional methods. The drilling had begun in August, 2016 and was completed on January 25 of this year.

At the very bottom of the wellbore the temperature reaches 427 Celsius degrees and the pressure outweighs 200 atmospheres. In such conditions occurs bizarre fluid that behaves both as gas and liquid but is neither of them. This well can provide a tremendous supply of energy. It has been estimated that the capital of Iceland, Reykjavik would require between 30 and 35 usual conventional wells to provide its inhabitants hot water whereas only three to five wells like Thor could do the same.

Projects like Thor put Iceland in a role model position of a renewable energy superior producer ahead of any other country in the world. It appeals to be stunningly interesting how this small country has been pioneering in energy field.

Sources:

iflscience.com

wikipedia.org

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