<a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/03/06/how-is-it-possible-to-produce-oil-from-sand/"><b>How is it possible to produce oil from sand?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2011/10/09/people-engineers-and-spe-members/"><b>People, Engineers and SPE Members</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/19/if-i-were-a-prime-minister/"><b>If I Were a Prime Minister…</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/26/polish-shales-delayed/"><b>Polish shales delayed?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/01/11/russia-continues-the-policy-of-states-companies-monopoly/"><b>Russia continues the policy of state companies’ monopoly</b></a>

Shortly about Baltic Pipe

Shortly about Baltic Pipe

Obviously, Baltic Pipe is a clear response to Nord Stream 2, which directly connects Russian Federation with Western Europe. Experts claim that Nord Stream 2 through Germany could even get to Austria, Czech Republic and Italy. This menace has not been taken well by Central Europe, including Poland, Slovakia and Hungary.

Gazprom informed that pipes delivery tender is already settled. Fortunately, there is no construction permit and European Comission is not currently willing to accept these plans. Thus, it is a chance for Baltic Pipe project to brighten this situation up.

Simply, the idea is to build a pipeline between Swinoujscie Port (Poland) and Kopenhagen and then match it with another pipeline that goes to Norway. Polish Oil and Gas Company (PGNIG) own concession to extract norwegian gas there. That could be another factor for polish diversification of resources.

The tricky part is that half of a costs would be covered by European Union as a part of Connecting Europe Facility programme. Gaz System (Poland) and Energinet (Denmark) are supposed to be operators responsible for expanding the network transmission. Feasibility study will be estimated by the end of the year.




Big money at play and new workplaces in the Beaufort Sea?

Big money at play and new workplaces in the Beaufort Sea?

The Inuvialuit Regional Corporation, organization established by the agreement between the Government of Canada and the InuvialuitInuit of Canada’s Western Arctic people, says that Beaufort Sea Oil and Gas Licences shouldn’t be held foreverLocal institute believes that the federal government should allow corporations to extract hydrocarbon reservoir discovered in this region over 50 years ago! They are consider that it could change the lives of the local population. 

The problem is that the companies want to change contract that their nine-year licences to explore for oil in the deep waters of the Beaufort Sea can be extended to 16 years. Corporations also explain themselves that they have too little time to complete the necessary documents and to work out optimal for this region extraction technology. Companies know that there is a lot of money because of that Imperial Oil and BP gave the government security deposits about $445 millions. Federal goverment agreed with it provided that there will be drilling in otherwise a part of this amount is lost

However, the situation in this area is much more complicated. The facts are that companies currently hold the rights to 48 significant discoveries covering almost 200,000 hectares in the Beaufort Sea, but there is no oil production.

Where is the real problem? Maybe, according to the Northern Oil and Gas Report, some discoveries may not be immediately economic to produce because of the lack of optimal technology? Perhaps the reason is the lack of agreement between federal government and comapnies? We have no answers to these questions. Undoubtedly oil production in the Beaufort Sea would help the oil industry in the fight against the crisis and for the ‘Young Petro People’ means new workplaces which is very positive information. 

Sources: www.cbc.ca


Image: www.news.utoronto.ca

The Basics of Mud Engineering

The Basics of Mud Engineering

On 28th of February 2016, we are proud to have Mr Ahmed Alaa Eldin, a drilling fluid engineer from OES Oilfield Services Group who present himself to SPE-UTM Student Chapter to give a talk entitled “The Basics of Mud Engineering”.

In his presentation, he pointed out the function of the mud engineer and also the important role of the mud engineers. He also showed us the main functions of the mud, different type of muds and its component. He also covered about the mud system’s facilities and also some parameters. About to finish his presentation, he gave us some advice to our members and encourage us to be positive to oil and gas industry. It is our honor to have Mr Ahmed Alaa Eldin that day to teach us some knowledge and his experience sharing. His presentation will be summarized as below.


Introduction about the speaker

Mr Ahmed Alaa Eldin is a graduate from Alexandria University. He did his master degree in Geoscience in 2014, Bachelor degree in Geology and Chemistry and also his Advanced Diploma in geophysics in 2012. His path of learning never ends. During this year, he has his DBM (Diploma in Business Management) in Amity University India. He is a Sales Engineer, an aquamaint for water technology in Egypt. He is also a drilling fluids engineer working in the Aramco Field in OES Group.


Introduction to Mud Engineering

Mud Engineering is a part of extraction from upstream operations. Mud engineering does not focus on mud only, but it involves in drilling problems too. Mud engineers are responsible to prepare mud that is suitable to solve the drilling problem and to suit the reservoir’s condition. Mud Engineer also responsible for mud logging. He/she has to provide a continuous record of penetration rate, lithology and indicate any hydrocarbon show.


The importance of Drilling Fluids

Why we use drilling fluids during the drilling process?

  1. Subsurface pressure control
    Formation zone consists of overburden pressure, mud have a weight, it can keep the subsurface pressure under control
  2. Cutting removal and transport
    When we drilled, we have the solid cuttings, and mud is responsible to remove the cuttings from the borehole and bring it up to the surface
  3. Suspension of solid particles
    When the drilling fluid is static (not moving), mud plays an important role to suspend the solid particle from falling down.
  4. Cooling and lubricating the drill bit and drill string (friction and geothermal gradient)
    We learn about geothermal gradient, as we drill deeper, temperature will increase, mud will be responsible to cool the drill bit and lubricate it to reduce friction
  5. Facilitating the collection of formation data
    The formation data obtain from mud logging is needed to support wireline log data, the return mud acts as a visual analytical tool to determine the presence of gas/oil shows
  6. Controlling corrosion
    By adding some chemical into mud, we can reduce the corrosion to a minimum since mud contain Carbon Oxygen, and water



Mud Types and its component

There are two types of mud, which is oil based mud and water based mud. Preparing mud is essentially same as cooking. When we cook, we need a recipe; so there is in mud preparation. We need also a recipe that contains the materials and procedure to prepare our mud. Various materials may be added at the surface to change or modify the characteristics of the mud.


These are some materials that will be added into the mud:

  1. Weighting agents (usually barite) are added to increase the density of mud, which helps to control subsurface pressure and build the wall cake.
  2. Viscosifying agents (clays and polymers) are added to thicken the mud and increase the hole-cleaning ability by acting as a solid-carrier.
  3. Filtration control chemicals (Starch) are added to control the thickness of the mud cake.
  4. Salts are sometimes added to protect downhole formations or to protect the mud against future contamination, as well as to increase density.
  5. Caustic soda is often added to increase the pH of mud, which improves the performance of dispersants and reduces corrosion.
  6. Preservatives, bactericides, emulsifiers and Temperature extenders may all be added to make other additives work better.
  7. Lost Circulation Materials (LCM) are added to combat lost circulation.
  8. Thinners are added to decrease the viscosity of Mud
  9. H2S Scavengers are added to kill Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) inside the wellbore since H2S is very dangerous
  10. Other mud additives may include lubricants, corrosion inhibitors, Shale Stabilizers and defoamers.


Mud System and Solid control equipment

There are two mud tanks on the rig: Active & Reserve. The active mud tank is used to hold the excess mud and mixing operation is done over there. While the reserve mud is used to store the heavy mud for emergencies use.

Shale Shaker
– Fine Solids must be removed, otherwise they will increase the weight of mud, reduce the penetration rate of it and increase circulating equipment wear

– removes gas from the mud which could form bubbles

The sequence of the mud discharge system is like this, Shale Shaker at the first, and after that desanders, and then defoamer, and last degasser. Why the degassed will be at the last? This is because gas not only formed in well bore but also results from shale shaker, thus degasser remove gas from shale shaker too, that’s why degasser at the last.


Advice from the speaker

As we all know, the current oil market is not in a good condition. Oil price is unpredictable sometimes. Thus, as a student that going to be graduating soon, all of us ought to have a plan for our future. We have to plan very well for every single possibility in the future, because under the bad condition, we may get sudden layoff without any presentiment.

Besides, we need to have our show. We have to increase our visibility in the industry. A student may get a good result or a worker might get a good achievement in a company, but no one else in the industry is known except your employer. So we must expose ourselves to increase your visibility in the industry. Be active and sign up for the account that related to oil and gas, such as LinkedIn, Oilpro, Rigzone and etc.


How can we survive a downturn as a student?

How can we survive a downturn as a student?

Since June 2014, oil price has dropped dramatically until the current USD30 per barrel. The plummeting of oil price is still one of the hottest issues and biggest energy stories in the world. Some peoples are happy with the low oil price, but some aren’t, especially oil and gas companies.

As oil and gas students, we cannot deny that low oil price does affect us. As a fresh graduate of the oil and gas industry, you face a challenge to search for a job in the industry. As an intern-seeker, you suffer a hardship to search for the intern as most of the projects have been called off. No additional work force is needed and when worse come to worst, some companies have to lay off part of its workforce In order to survive during the downturn.

Despite the grim situation of the oil and gas industry, as students, we should not lose our hope to our future industry. This is just part of a repeated history. I believe oil price is soon to be bounced back. Therefore, as a student, what you need to do is to prepare yourself and be ready to enter the industry. Here are some tips for students to survive the downturn:


  • Maintain/upgrade your academic results

We cannot deny that results play an important role in determining a student’s performance and achievements, especially during the downturn. It is your responsibility as a student to pass your academic with flying colors. If you have failed this responsibility as a student, how can a company hires you by giving you a more challenging and bigger responsibility? To stand out from a crowd of competitors, you have to be excellent.


  • Grow your connections

As a student, growing your connection will increase your visibility in the industry. Always grab the opportunity and present yourself whenever there are conference, company talks or exhibitions. Let the company know you and you will get a higher chance in employment. Don’t only grow your connection to FB, Instagram or Twitter. You can enjoy yourself in social media, but I suggest you to move your interest to LinkedIn, which is a “professional” social media. A rising number of recruiters are sourcing their ideal candidates on LinkedIn.


  • Volunteer yourself

Helping others is actually helping yourself. Volunteering has many benefits for us, especially to a student where you can learn a new skills and experience, get to know more new friends and also get in touch with professional people. Don’t just admire other people’s experience, you have to step forward to gain your own experiences by volunteering. There are many ways out there that are related to oil and gas industry where you can volunteer yourself, for example: SPE Student Volunteer, Student Ambassador, Energy4me and so on.


  • Equip yourself with new skills and updated knowledge

The downturn is always a good period for us to increase our efficiency and gain the most useful experience. The energy industry is always fresh and you have to always be alert by updating your knowledge and technologies in the industry. You have to learn to be efficient so that you can hit two birds with one stone. Learn a new skill and be diverse. Being diverse means you have to equip yourself with other knowledge, by not only focus on one discipline. If possible, taking a minor subject is a good choice for you.


  • Join more society’s activities

There are many professional societies out there that are related to the oil and gas industry, for example: Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), American Association Petroleum Geologist (AAPG), Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG), European Association of Geoscientists (EAGE) and so on. Engaging yourself with these society activities will bring you much more benefit than you would expect, for instance: widening your connection, gaining more experience and increasing your knowledge and skills.