TANAP Pipeline project formally opened with grand ceremony

24. March, 2015 News No comments

On March 17th Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Azeri President Ilham Aliyev and Georgian President Giorgi Margvelashvili gathered in Kars, Turkey to officially inaugurate works and lay foundations for the TANAP Pipeline.

The Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP) is a massive 1850 kilometer project – a substantial part of Southern Gas Corridor which will connect Caspian and Middle East Regions to European recipients.

TANAP is expected to start operating  from June 2018, costing 12 billion dollars. It will deliver shipments from giant Shah Deniz offshore gas field in Azerbaijan to Turkish western border. The initial capacity of the pipeline is 16 BCM per year. Turkey will buy 6 BCM and the rest will continue on to Europe via Trans-Adriatic Pipeline from 2020. By 2023 TANAP capacity will rise to 23 BCM per year and by 2026 to 31 BCM per year.

The project is of strategic importance for entire region. “TANAP has a special importance because of its route and its goal and is not an alternative project to others and there is not an alternative to it. TANAP will link Europe with Caspian by the help of Southern Gas Corridor,” said Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. “We plan to establish Turkey as the energy distribution hub of the region.”
It will as well introduce Azerbaijan to European markets.

Southern Gas Corridor is a vital part of European Energy Strategy. In the rear of abandoning South Stream Project by Russian officials, EU continue to seek transport alternatives other than Ukraine – which is occupied by conflict. TANAP will secure continous gas imports to Central and Southern Europe and will add a milestone to decreasing European fuel dependency on Russia.  “We are ready to support and help to realise the TANAP project” said Maroš Šefčovič, the European Commission’s Vice President in charge of the Energy Union, present at the ceremony in Kars.

Moreover, last November, Turkey and Turkmenistan officials signed an agreement to attach Turkmen gas to TANAP.  Citing U.S. Energy Information Administration, Turkmenistan is the sixth largest natural gas reserve holder in the world but it is lacking sufficient pipeline infrastructure to export greater volumes of hydrocarbons. To join TANAP, it would require Turkmenistan to construct pipeline across the Caspian Sea. This initiative is opposed by Russia, which expresses ecological concern.

In the agreement recently signed, Turkey’s national pipeline operator BOTAŞ will take a 30% stake in TANAP, while SOCAR holds 58% and BP 12%.

Sources: naturalgaseurope.com; woodmac.com; inzynieria.com; eia.gov
Image: oilandgastechnology.net

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Jakub Pitera

Junior editor in YoungPetro, a second year student of Oil and Gas Engineering at Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas at AGH University of Science and Technology; an active member of scientific research circle centred on petroleum production. Interested in reservoir characterisation and computer modelling. Enjoys time off by playing electric guitar, cooking and bass music.

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