<a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/03/06/how-is-it-possible-to-produce-oil-from-sand/"><b>How is it possible to produce oil from sand?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2011/10/09/people-engineers-and-spe-members/"><b>People, Engineers and SPE Members</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/19/if-i-were-a-prime-minister/"><b>If I Were a Prime Minister…</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2012/12/26/polish-shales-delayed/"><b>Polish shales delayed?</b></a> <a href="http://youngpetro.org/2013/01/11/russia-continues-the-policy-of-states-companies-monopoly/"><b>Russia continues the policy of state companies’ monopoly</b></a>
 

YoungPetro Winter Issue is out!

YoungPetro Winter Issue is out!

What’s in Winter Issue of YoungPetro?

On Stream:

  • Latest News from Petroleum World
  • Invitation for East meets West International Student Petroleum Congress & Career Expo in Cracow
  • Upcoming Events

 

Career: It’s time for interviews!

  • Ask Me Anything – Expert Responds – popular social the discussion with Piotr Kasza, Ph. D – expert of the Institute Oil and Gas (by Michal Turek)
  • In the World of Geophysicists – interview with Michael Thornton, Ph.D. Chief Technology Officer of MicroSeismic Inc. (by Gordon Wasilewski)
  • About the Industry and Students – interview with Gregory Jackson – Consultant Unconventionals Continental Europe at Weatherford (by Barbara Pach, Gordon Wasilewski)

 

Technical papers – this time by students from Pakistan and Poland:

  • Rotary Steerable System and its Applications and Advantages in Precise Drilling of Deep Deviated Wells (by Muhammad Tauqeer)
  • Impact of Process Variables on the Re-refining of the Used Lube Oil by Solvent Extraction (by Muhammad Naveed, Sohail Ahmed Soomro Ph.D., Shaheen Aziz Ph.D., Rashid Hussain Abro, Adeel Mukhtar)
  • Geophysical Properties of Methane Hydrate Bearing Sediments Considering Economic-scale Production of Natural Gas (by Dominik Skokowski)

 

Take a seat and just enjoy reading!

  • The Story of Lake Peigneur – How to Drill into a Mine (by Jan Wypijewski)
  • How it Works – the series of articles introducing basics of petroleum industry (by Maciej Wawrzkowicz)
  • History of SPE-UTM (by Lim Teck Shern, Abang Mohd Faiz, Hii Sing Keat)

 

Memories from events that passed!

  • Gold American Dream – ATCE 2013 (by Joanna Wilaszek)
  • Young Professionals at the Heart of an Energy Revolution – few words about World Petroleum Council Youth Forum in Canada (by Allyson Simpson)
  • From Russia with Love – relation from Oil &Gas Horizons Conference in Moscow (by Iwona Dereń)

Enjoy reading! 

Is Gender Diversity an Issue in Oil Industry…???

Is Gender Diversity an Issue in Oil Industry…???

Few months back, a discussion about “Gender Diversity” on one of the social networks caught my attention. So after little research I considered to write on this topic because being female and part of this system, I can better understand that surviving in a male- dominating Industry is really challenging and demanding.

A non-traditional or male-dominated industry like Oil Industry contains 25% or fewer women in total employment. While women have made headway into certain industries and occupations, there is still a great gap between women and men in many industries and occupations. One school of thought is that there seems generally to be a shortage of women taking math and engineering courses.

Survey Report

The study conducted by BP and Rigzone, examined female representation in the energy workplace from the perspective of 3,000 oil and gas professionals. Nearly three-quarters of respondents (72%) believed oil and gas remains a male-dominated industry, and there is still a lot of progress to be made. One in five (20%) strongly agreed gender based discrimination occurs within the industry.

More than 60% said they expect the greatest increases in female representation to be among professionals just entering the industry and those early in their career.

“You represent an important pillar to development and function as a nation. I hope your work encourages young girls to take interest in Science so they can take their rightful place in industries that have been known to be male dominated,” said Science and Technology Deputy Minister, Advocate Tshililo Masutha.

Adapting a particular strategy you may diagnose the problem in the system, and with a positive mind set you will be successful in resolving the dilemma. For example:

What are the barriers to increase the proportion of women in the industry…???

1. Respondents cited societal conditioning
2. A lack of qualified candidates
3. Family care responsibilities

What strategies do we follow for improved situation of women participation…???

  1. Implementing STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) programs to improve gender balance
  2. Strengthening Communication
  3. Enhancing trained capabilities
  4. Women startup capital-credit facilities
  5. Enhance market access
  6. Accountability and transparency

Why do Leadership Positions tend to go to men…???

Despite the field is becoming predominantly female, the leadership positions still tend to go to men, and main reason for these facts is:

1. Family planning
2. The gender pay gap
3. The strong networks among men

Women do apply for leadership positions. This shows that planning a family is not as significant a factor as it is, however, women have always had a role at the workplace, and the housewife culture has never gained ground. Women are used to coping with both family and work as demonstrated by many female ministers.

How women can beat the system which is against them…???

  1. Women need a game plan and a clear indication of what they want to achieve
  2. Equip them with knowledge of how the systems work
  3. Make yourself relevant and always engage with the system
  4. Develop confidence-work
  5. Work together with men in opening doors and reaching equal opportunities

 

It is the common stereotype that women have to get married and be housewives, but one should strongly believe that women also have a role to play in the selling of oil and gas. If they would have succumbed to social pressures, they would also be lost to the industry mainly because of guilt.

How to choose a better carrier for yourself…???

When it comes to select a better opportunity, male and female oil and gas professionals were united on the top three decision points:

  1. Intelligibility in pay structure
  2. Ease of accessing mentoring and funding programs
  3. Flexible working arrangements

However, female respondents placed more importance than male respondents on mentoring and sponsorship programs and pay transparency, while female respondents placed more importance on childcare specific benefits. At the same time, both men and women placed nearly equal importance on flexible work arrangements when selecting an employer.

To read the concluding remarks on this topic, must read the next portion of this article, which will be published soon!!!

Latin American Student Energy Summit 2014

Latin American Student Energy Summit 2014

When: 19th – 20th June 2014

Where: National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

Pre- registration: http://studentenergysummits.com/

Website: http://www.studentenergy.org/

Facebook: facebook.com/StudentEnergyLatinAmerica

Student Energy is a global nonprofit organization that is creating the next generation of energy leaders committed to transitioning the world to a sustainable future.

Since its conception, the organization has strived for students all around the world to take the lead in energy related issues, not only technology, but politics and regulations as well, for they will become the leaders of tomorrow.

By organizing the International Student Energy Summit, the organization has brought together thousands of outstanding students and has come to the conclusion that energy issues aren’t the same all around the world. In order to help youth search for more specialized improvements in energy Regional Summits came up.

Mexico City, being one of the most multicultural cities in the world, will be hosting the summit that will bring together students from all over the continent. Among its large, 20 million, population energy problems aren’t missed, for the electricity needed to boost this megatropolis has to travel a long way from different spots around the country. This regional summit will happen at the same time as other four in different cities around the world, making the 19th and 20th an international gathering of youth interested in shaping the right future for tomorrow.

LASES will take place in the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) where the three key topics to discuss are:

● Markets and Regulations analyzes the context of the current energy system by evaluating the market forces and policies that influence its development.

● Global Energy Dynamics addresses how energy impacts geopolitics and global developments as the world becomes increasingly interdependent.

● Technology and Innovation focuses on new processes and technologies being developed and implemented in both conventional and alternative disciplines.

With a multidisciplinary program, leading experts will leave students with a better understanding of the main energy challenges in Latin America and the whole world.

The goal for the summit is to Educate, Unite and Inspire students to be the change they want to see in the world, to empower them with the right knowledge and perspective to tackle the roadahead of us.

YoungPetro is organizing Europe-wide FrackNation screenings

YoungPetro is organizing Europe-wide FrackNation screenings

Fracking – this topic seems to be a never ending story since the few past years. Mainstream media feed us with lots of news connected to hydraulic fracturing. With that talk there is little understanding of the process and even less attention paid to reality of people whose lives are directly affected by natural gas exploration. That creates field for many pros and cons arguments. One of big NO for fracking in 2010 was Gasland, American documentary written and directed by Josh Fox. It has created an antifracking movement in the US and also in Europe.

FrackNation, a documentary created by Irish-Polish trio and funded through Kickstarter is the answer for every accusations and manipulation of facts shown in Gasland.

Goal of FrackNation directors was to make an honest research on fracking in full context: economic, personal, scientific, political and historical.  In FrackNation an investigative journalist Phelim McAleer travels across the USA and Europe to uncover the science suppressed by environmental activists and ignored by much of the media. He talks with scientists and ordinary Americans who live in fracking areas and who tell him the truth behind the exaggerations and misrepresentations of anti-fracking activists.

What is most important FrackNation explicitly rejected and rejects funding from oil and gas companies or senior executives of such companies. This is completely independent movie.

Together with the Kosciuszko Institute and Claeys & Casteels Pubilshing, YoungPetro is the co-organizer of two big events:

BRUSSELS, 10.02.2014 – Premiere of FrackNation in the European Parliament

WARSAW, 13.02.2014 – Premiere of FrackNation in Kino Muranów

Links:

 FB fanpage – FrackNation

FrackNation official website

 

‘Rock the shale – unconventionally about natural gas’ Conference 2014 in Warsaw

‘Rock the shale – unconventionally about natural gas’ Conference 2014 in Warsaw

When: 14th – 15th March 2014

Where: Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Poland

Website: http://www.rocktheshale.eu

Facebook: facebook.com

“Rock the shale” is the first event organized by Applied Tectonics Study Group (Faculty of Geology, Warsaw University) that aims at providing knowledge in the field of oil & gas industry, in particular shale gas exploration in Poland. It is an unique occasion to meet experts on petroleum geology, energy and mining law as well as shale gas business.

The event provides two tracks – interdisciplinary and specialist (both including a series of lectures and workshops) – run simultaneously. It will enable the students to gain knowledge dependent on their curriculum.

Interdisciplinary track is aimed for all students from various disciplines and it grants basic information from the areas of geology, economy and law, introducing to the world of hydrocarbons.

Specialist track dedicated for students of masters studies and 3rd year of bachelor or engineer studies, will provide expert knowledge on geology, technology of exploration, law and economics necessary in the everyday work of a geologist.

The event will be accompanied by entrepreneurs and institutions exhibition. During “Rock The Shale” all your questions will be answered by world-class experts.

Registration for the conference starts on 4 February. All needed information concerning registration and a detailed conference agenda can be found at:

http://www.rocktheshale.eu

5th International Students Geological Conference in Budapest

5th International Students Geological Conference in Budapest

When: 24th – 27th April 2014

Where: Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary

Deadlines: 

  • Registration and Abstract Submission: 16th February, 2014
  • Early Payment: 31st January, 2014
  • Normal Payment: 16th February, 2014
  • Late Payment: 9th March, 2014

E-mail: isgc2014@gmail.com

Website: http://isgc2014.elte.hu/

The 5th International Students Geological Conference will be hosted at the Faculty of Science, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary in April, 24-27. 2014.

The aim of the ISGC is to create a forum for young geoscientists (BSc, MSc, PhD students, young professionals) to present their results, share their experience and build up new scientific cooperations.

The conference will include a wide range of scientific sessions, workshops and exciting field trips representing many different disciplines of the geosciences.

Workshops:

  • Raman Spectrometry in the Earth Sciences
  • Focused Ion Beam Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Luminescent Chronometry in Quaternary Geology
  • Structural styles in fold and thrust belts and their relevance for hydrocarbon exploration
  • GIS application in the Earth Sciences

Field trips:

  • Hydrocarbon reservoir rocks and oil production in Northern Hungary
  • Epithermal systems and ore potential of NE Hungary
  • Miocene volcanism, landscape evolution and zeolite mineralization in the Visegrád Mts
  • From pelagic carbonates to dinosaur skeletons: Mesozoic evolution of the Transdanubian Central Range
  • Jump from the Triassic into the Eocene: field trip in Budapest

 Conference language: English

You can apply for participation in the conference at the conference website by filling in an online registration form until 16th February. Use the following link: http://isgc2014.elte.hu/index.php/online-registration/

Participants of the ISCG 2014 conference are encouraged to submit abstracts for oral and/or poster presentations.

Abstracts will be published in the Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series. The abstracts will be reviewed for the scientific content and also for the language by the session convenors and by the editor of the abstract volume.

Official sponsors of the 5th ISGC are MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas PLC, Society of Economic Geologist, IAVCEI.

African Student Energy Summit 2014

African Student Energy Summit 2014

When: 19th – 20th June 2014

Where: University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Pre- registration: http://studentenergysummits.com/

Website: http://www.studentenergy.org/

Facebook: facebook.com/StudentEnergyAfrica

On June 19-20, 2014 the first Regional Student Energy Summits will take place simultaneously in Africa, Asia, North America and Latin America. The African Student Energy Summit (AfSES) will occur at the southern tip of the continent at one of the world’s most beautiful campuses, the University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa. Student Energy is the mastermind behind this concept, with dynamic International Student Energy Summits previously hosted in Norway and Canada. The amalgamation of a multidisciplinary delegate base of students from around the continent aspires to create a network of driven individuals looking to make a difference in the African energy sector.

 

South Africa has the world’s ninth largest recoverable coal reserve and holds 95 percent of Africa’s total coal reserves. Additionally, it is the fifth largest coal exporter in the world. Significant shale gas resources are also currently being discovered in the country. Its leading city in energy, Cape Town, has been rightly selected to host the AfSES, and is the first city in Africa to have created an Integrated Metropolitan Environmental Policy (IMEP) and to have developed a Climate Change and Energy Action Plan. The University of Cape Town boasts the multi-disciplinary Energy Research Centre and The African Climate and Development Initiative. It would be an understatement to say that UCT is well equipped to host the forum of an anticipated 300 students.

 

The AfSES aims to engage students in discussion about their role in a transition to a sustainable energy future, both for their region and for the world. The overarching goals to educate, inspire and unite will pervade through the programme. With keynote speeches, panel discussions and interactive sessions being the framework of the programme, ideas and solutions from the student delegates will be invoked. The following pillars will connect all of the Regional Student Energy Summits: Markets and Regulations, Global Energy Dynamics, and Technology and Innovation.

 

Whilst Africa is home to the largest diversity of wildlife and exciting adventure, it is also the world’s poorest and most underdeveloped continent where energy issues continue to pose a problem in terms of accessibility, affordability and reliability, especially for disadvantaged groups. However as a signatory of the Kyoto protocol supported by the United Nations and host of COP17, South Africa is making big leaps for Africa in the energy revolution. Through engaging young, bright minds and tackling energy realities of the continent, the African Student Energy Summit envisions discussion that will inspire a powerful paradigm shift; to incorporate sustainable and green innovations into our future, and to ensure equitable service provision.

BP Energy Outlook 2035

17 January, 2014 News No comments
BP Energy Outlook 2035

Global energy demand continues to grow but that growth is slowing and will mainly be driven by emerging economies – led by China and India – according to the latest edition of the BP Energy Outlook 2035.

The Outlook reveals that global energy consumption is expected to rise by 41 per cent from 2012 to 2035 – compared to 52 per cent over the last twenty years and 30 per cent over the last ten. Ninety five per cent of the growth in demand is expected to come from the emerging economies, while energy use in the advanced economies of North America, Europe and Asia as a group is expected to grow only very slowly – and begin to decline in the later years of the forecast period.

Shares of the major fossil fuels are converging, with oil, natural gas and coal each expected to make up around 27 per cent of the total mix by 2035 and the remaining share coming from nuclear, hydroelectricity and renewables. Among fossil fuels, gas is growing fastest, increasingly being used as a cleaner alternative to coal for power generation as well as in other sectors.

Primary Energy

The Outlook shows global energy demand continuing to increase at an average of 1.5% a year to 2035. Growth is expected to moderate over this period, climbing at an average of 2% a year to 2020 but then by only 1.2% a year to 2035. 95% of this growth is expected to come from non-OECD economies, with China and India accounting for more than half of the increase. By 2035, energy use in the non-OECD economies is expected to be 69% higher than in 2012. In comparsion use in the OECD will have grown by only 5%, and will actually have fallen after 2030, even with continued economic growth.

While the fuel mix is evolving, fossil fuels will continue to be dominant. Oil, gas and coal are expected to converge on market shares of around 26-27% each by 2035, and non-fossil fuels – nuclear, hydro and renewables – on a share of around 5-7% each.

Oil

Oil is expected to be the slowest growing of the major fuels to 2035, with demand growing at an average of just 0.8% a year. Nonetheless, this will still result in demand for oil and other liquid fuels being nearly 19 million barrels a day higher in 2035 than 2012. All the net demand growth is expected to come from outside the OECD – demand growth from China, India and the Middle East will together account for almost all of net demand growth.

Gas

Natural gas is expected to be the fastest growing of the fossil fuels – with demand rising at an average of 1.9% a year. Non-OECD countries are expected to generate 78% of demand growth. Industry and power generation account for the largest increments to demand by sector. LNG exports are expected to grow more than twice as fast as gas consumption, at an average of 3.9% per year, and accounting for 26% of the growth in global gas supply to 2035.

Coal

After oil, coal is expected to be the slowest growing major fuel, with demand rising on average 1.1% a year to 2035. Over the period, growth flattens to just 0.6% a year after 2020. Nearly all (87%) of the net growth in demand to 2035 is expected to come from just China and India, whose combined share of global coal consumption will rise from 58% in 2012 to 64% in 2035.

Other 

Nuclear energy output is expected to rise to 2035 at around 1.9% a year. China, India and Russia will together account for 96% of the global growth in nuclear power, while nuclear output in the US and EU declines due to expected plant closures. The growth in hydroelectric power is expected to moderate to 1.8% a year to 2035, with nearly half of the growth coming from China, India and Brazil. Renewables are expected to continue to be the fastest growing class of energy, gaining market share from a small base as they rise at an average of 6.4% a year to 2035. Renewables’ share of global electricity production is expected to grow from 5% to 14% by 2035. Including biofuels, renewables are expected to have a higher share of primary energy than nuclear by 2025.

Read more and download the full Outlook at BP’s Energy Outlook 2035 website.

Source: BP

European Student Energy Summit 2014

European Student Energy Summit 2014

When: 19th – 20th June 2014

Where: University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, the UK

Pre- registration: http://studentenergysummits.com/

Website: http://www.studentenergy.org/

Facebook: facebook.com/StudentEnergyEurope

The inaugural European Student Energy Summit (ESES) will take place on June 19-20, 2014 at the University of Aberdeen in Aberdeen, Scotland. It is one of the five Regional Student Energy Summits that will happen simultaneously in Africa, Asia, North America and Latin America. The Regional Summits are modeled after the wildly successful International Student Energy Summit (ISES). ISES most recently saw students from 64 different countries descend upon Norway at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in June 2013 and received a personal commendation from UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon.

Known as ‘the energy capital of Europe,’ Aberdeen is a natural choice for the second Student Energy summit that will take place on European soil. Since the discovery of oil in the North Sea during the 1960s, people from all over the world have been attracted by the subsequent economic boom that it caused. It is thus not surprising that energy is one of the University of Aberdeen’s main research themes, which makes the institution well positioned to host the forum of 300 multidisciplinary students who will discuss their role in a transition to a sustainable energy future, both for their region and for the world.

ESES will present a mix of keynote speeches, panels and a heavy dose of interactive sessions; programming that is designed to generate discussion, ideas, and solutions from the students delegates. This event will address geographically focused issues, such as the future of shale gas or the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme. Europe’s actions will also be linked to the larger context of global energy dynamics, through the multidisciplinary, balanced and robust program built on three pillars, Markets and Regulations, Global Energy Dynamics, and Technology and Innovation.

Over forty years of experience in oil and gas operations has established Aberdeen as one of the most influential and innovative energy cities in the world. Aberdeen is home to a unique concentration of around 900 energy related businesses, agencies, government bodies and research institutes. This innovative, experienced and resilient energy city continues to lead global energy standards across the world. The European Student Energy Summit will leverage and showcase this wealth of experience to the students from across the continent who are passionate about the future of energy development.

Global oil demand in 2014

10 January, 2014 News No comments
Global oil demand in 2014

World oil demand is expected to grow by one million barrels a day (b/d) in 2014 compared with 900,000 b/d last year, supported by improved performances by the emerging economies and as the global economy continues to recover in general.

“Oil demand growth continues to come mainly from non-OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries, while OECD oil demand is expected to show a further contraction, albeit at a slower rate,” OPEC’s Monthly Oil Market Report (MOMR) observed.

However, an MOMR article pointed out that the latest forecast is associated with uncertainties related to the pace of economic growth in the OECD region, China and India, as well as to policy reforms in oil product retail prices in some emerging economies.

The improving picture is backed by a strengthening of the global economy in 2014, which is slated to expand by 3.5 percent against 2.9 percent in 2013, mainly as a result of momentum in the OECD economies.

“However, many challenges remain, ranging from the outcome of postponed fiscal negotiations in the United States, the future monetary policy of major central banks, the resilience of the Euro-zone recovery, and continued reforms in the emerging economies to improve structural issues,” the report commented.

It stressed that the signs of a recovery are already visible in rising global industrial production.

According to the MOMR, on the oil supply side, non-OPEC supply growth in 2014 is expected at almost the same level as last year at 1.2 million b/d with some risks in both directions, given possible early start-ups or delays, as well as political, technical and meteorological factors.

Output of OPEC natural gas liquids (NGLs) is expected to rise by 100,000 b/d in 2014, following an increase of 200,000 b/d last year.

The report noted that non-OPEC supply growth in 2013 has performed better than initially expected, supported mainly by the US and Canada, which added around 1 million b/d.

Other contributions to 2013 growth have come from the Sudans, Russia and China, while output disruptions in Syria, along with the decline in North Sea production, partially offset the growth.

“While the above forecasts indicate that incremental non-OPEC oil supply and OPEC NGL growth will outpace projected world oil demand growth, the 164th OPEC Ministerial Conference (held in Vienna Dec 4) decided to maintain current production of 30 million b/d in the interest of maintaining market equilibrium.

“In taking this decision, the Organization’s Member Countries re-confirmed their readiness to promptly respond to unforeseen developments that could have an adverse impact on an orderly and balanced oil market,” the report said.

Looking at 2013, the MOMR said the price of the OPEC Reference Basket experienced significant quarterly swings.

After reaching close to $115 per barrel in the first quarter, the basket price came down steeply to around $96 per barrel in the second quarter, before regaining strength to rebound sharply in the third quarter.

Sources:

  • http://www.business-standard.com/
  • Oil and Gas Journal